Two strains from blood of two wild rats () living in a rural environment were isolated. These strains were distinct from all previously known species based on phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. This new species is distinguished by its trypsin-like activity, the absence of the ability to hydrolyse proline and tributyrin, its 16S rRNA and citrate synthase gene sequences and by whole-DNA hybrization data. This new species, for which the name sp. nov. is proposed, seems to be genetically related to , an agent isolated in a case of human endocarditis. The type strain of sp. nov. is IBS 506(CIP 105476).


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