1887

Abstract

Eleven motile spore-bearing actinomycetes were isolated from various plant samples and were studied to determine their taxonomic positions. The isolates showed colony appearance and morphology similar to those of the ‘sporedome actinomycetes’ previously described by L. G. Willoughby in 1969. Although the isolates showed variety in composition of isomers of 2,6-diaminopimelic acid in the cell walls and in whole-cell sugar patterns, all of the isolates were classified in the genus Pagani and Parenti 1978 emend. Itoh . 1989 on the basis of their morphological and other chemotaxonomic characteristics, i.e. menaquinone, phospholipid and cellular fatty acid compositions. This assignment to the genus was also supported by a phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene sequences. By DNA-DNA hybridization experiment, five genospecies were recognized among the isolates, and one of them showed high levels with the type strain of the type species, , which is the sole member of the genus. These genospecies can be distinguished from each other by their cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics, and the other four genospecies should be placed into four new species for which the names (type strain 1-273= JCM 9957), (type strain l-449= JCM 9960). (type strain l-463= JCM 9961) and (type strain l-132= JCM 9954) are proposed.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-4-1245
1998-10-01
2022-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/48/4/ijs-48-4-1245.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-4-1245&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Asano K., Kawamoto I. 1986; Catellatospora a new genus of the Actinomy ce tales. Int J Syst Bacteriol 36:512–517
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Asano K., Masunaga I., Kawamoto I. 1989a; Catellatospora matsumotoense sp. nov. and C tsunoense sp. nov., actinomycetes found in woodland soils. Int J Syst Bacteriol 39:309–313
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Asano K., Sano H., Masunaga I., Kawamoto I. 1989b; 3-O-Methylrhamnose : identification and distribution in Catellatospora species and related actinomycetes. Int J Syst Bacteriol 39:56–60
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Asano K., Masunaga I., Kawamoto I., Ohta S. 1990; Cell-wall teichuronic acid containing 3-O-methylrhamnose and glucuronic acid in Catellatospora ferruginea a soil actinomy-cete. Agric Biol Chem 54:1235–1240
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Barnard S. D., Parenti F. 1983; Ultrastructural morphology of the genus Kineosporia. Curr Microbiol 8:173–176
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Brosius J., Palmer M. L., Kennedy P. J., Noller H. F. 1978; Complete nucleotide sequence of a 16S ribosomal RNA gene from Escherìchia coli. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 75:4801–4805
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Collins M. D., Faulkner M., Keddie M. 1984; Menaquinone composition of some sporeforming actinomycetes. Syst Appl Microbiol 5:20–29
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cross T., Makkar N. S. 1986; Spore dome actinomycetes. Biological, Biochemical and Biomedicai Aspects of Actinomycetes579–581 Szabó G., Biro S., Goodfellow M. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Einarsson S., Josefsson B. 1987; Separation of amino acid enantiomers and chiral amines using precolumn derivatization with ( + )-l-(9-fluorenyl)ethyl chloroformate and reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Anal Chem 59:1191–1195
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Eke M. A., Alderson G., Cross T. 1989; An actinomycete that changes wall composition during sporulation. Lett Appl Microbiol 9:1–4
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Ezaki T., Hashimoto Y., Yabuuchi E. 1989; Fluorometric deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization in microdilution wells as an alternative to membrane filter hybridization in which radioisotopes are used to determine genetic relatedness among bacterial strains. Int J Syst Bacteriol 39:224–229
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Felsenstein J. 1985; Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39:783–791
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Felsenstein J. 1995 Phylip (phylogeny inference package), version 3.57c Seattle: Department of Genetics, University of Washington;
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gordon R. E., Barnett D. A., Handerhan J. E., Pang C. H.-N. 1974; Nocardia coeliaca Nocardia autotrophica and the nocardin strain. Int J Syst Bacteriol 24:54–63
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Grund E., Kroppenstedt R. M. 1989; Transfer of five Nocardiopsis species to the genus Saccharothrix Labeda et al. 1984. Syst Appl Microbiol 12:267–274
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Itoh T., Kudo T., Parenti F., Seino A. 1989; Amended description of the genus Kineosporia based on chemotaxonomic and morphological studies. Int J Syst Bacteriol 39:168–173
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jacobson E., Grauville W. C., Fogs C. E. 1958 Color Harmony-Manual, 4. Chicago: Container Corporation of America;
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kimura M. 1980; A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol 16:111–120
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Koch C., Kroppenstedt R. M., Rainey F. A., Stackebrandt E. 1996; 16S ribosomal DNA analysis of the genera Micro-monospora Actinoplanes Catellatospora Catenuloplanes Couchioplanes Dactylosporangium and Pilimelia and emendation of the family Micromonosporaceae. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:765–768
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kroppenstedt R. M. 1992; The genus Nocardiopsis. The Prokaryotes II1139–1156 Balows A., Triiper H. G., Dworkin M., Harder W., Schleifer K.-H. New York: Springer;
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kudo T., Itoh T., Miyadoh S., Shomura T., Seino A. 1993; Herbidospora gen. nov., a new genus of the family Strepto-sporangiaceae Goodfellow et al. 1990. Int J Syst Bacteriol 43:319–328
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Labeda D. P., Testa R. T., Lechevalier M. P., Lechevalier H. A. 1984; Saccharothrix: a new genus of the Actinomycetales related to Nocardiopsis. Int J Syst Bacteriol 34:426–431
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Lechevalier M. P., Lechevalier H. 1970; Chemical composition as a criterion in the classification of aerobic actino-mycetes. Int J Syst Bacteriol 20:435–443
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lechevalier M. P., De Bievre C., Lechevalier H. 1977; Chemotaxonomy of aerobic actinomycetes : phospholipid composition. Biochem Syst Ecol 5:249–260
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Maidak B. L., Larsen N., McCaughey M. J., Overbeek R., Olsen G. J., Fogel K., Blandy J., Woese C. R. 1994; The Ribosomal Database Project. Nucleic Acids Res 22:3485–3487
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Makkar N. S., Cross T. 1982; Actinoplanetes in soil and on plant litter from freshwater habitats. J Appl Bacteriol 52:209–218
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Mikami H., Ishida Y. 1983; Post-column fluorometric detection of reducing sugars in high-performance liquid chroma-tography using arginine. Bunseki Kagaku 32:E207–E210
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Minnikin D. E., O’Donnell A. G., Goodfellow M., Alderson G., Athalye M., Schaal A., Parlett J. H. 1984; An integrated procedure for the extraction of bacterial isoprenoid quinones and polar lipids. J Microbiol Methods 2:233–241
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Pagani H., Parenti F. 1978; Kineosporia a new genus of the order Actinomycetales. Int J Syst Bacteriol 28:401–406
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Raeder U., Broda P. 1985; Rapid preparation of DNA from filamentous fungi. Lett Appl Microbiol 1:17–20
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Saito H., Miura K. 1963; Preparation of transforming deoxyribonucleic acid by phenol treatment. Biochim Biophys Ada 72:619–629
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Saitou N., Nei M. 1987; The neighbor-joining method : a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4:406–425
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Shirling E. B., Gottlieb D. 1966; Methods for characterization of Streptomyces species. Int J Syst Bacteriol 16:313–340
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Stackebrandt E., Kroppenstedt R. M., Jahnke K.-D., Kemmerling C., Gurtler H. 1994; Transfer of Strepto-sporangium viridogriseum (Okuda et al. 1966), Strepto-sporangium viridogriseum subsp. kofuense (Nonomura and Ohara 1969), and Streptosporangium albidum (Furumai et al. 1968) to Kutzneria gen. nov. as Kutzneria viridogrisea comb. no v., Kutzneria kofuensis comb, nov., and Kutzneria albida comb, nov., respectively, and emendation of the genus Streptosporangium. Int J Syst Bacteriol 44:265–269
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Stackebrandt E., Rainey F. A., Ward-Rainey N. L. 1997; Proposal for a new hierarchic classification system, Actino-bacteria classis nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 47:479–491
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Staneck J. L., Roberts G. D. 1974; Simplified approach to identification of aerobic actinomycetes by thin-layer chroma-tography. Appl Microbiol 28:226–231
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Stevenson I. L. 1967; Utilization of aromatic hydrocarbons by Arthrobacter spp. Can J Microbiol 13:205–211
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Suzuki K., Komagata K. 1983; Taxonomic significance of cellular fatty acid composition in some coryneform bacteria. Int J Syst Bacteriol 33:188–200
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Suzuki K., Sasaki J., Uramoto M., Nakase T., Komagata K. 1996; Agromyces mediolanus sp. nov., nom. rev., comb, nov., a species for “Corynebacterium mediolanum” Mamoli 1939 and for some aniline-assimilating bacteria which contain 2,4-diaminobutyric acid in the cell wall peptidoglycan. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:88–93
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Tamaoka J., Komagata K. 1984; Determination of DNA base composition by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. FEMS Microbiol Lett 25:125–128
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Tamaoka J., Katayama-Fujimura Y., Kuraishi H. 1983; Analysis of bacterial menaquinone mixtures by high performance liquid chromatography. J Appl Bacteriol 54:31–36
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Tomiyasu I. 1982; Mycolic acid composition and thermally adaptative changes in Nocardia asteroides. J Bacteriol 151:828–837
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Uchida K., Aida K. 1984; An improved method for the glycolate test for simple identification of the acyl type of bacterial cell walls. J Gen Appl Microbiol 30:131–134
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Willoughby L. G. 1969; A study on aquatic actinomycetes, the allochthonous leaf component. Nova Hedwigia 18:45–113
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-4-1245
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-48-4-1245
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error