An actinomycete strain, ‘’ JCM 3332, was found to have properties consistent with its in the genus . An almost complete gene sequence of the 16S rDNA of the strain was determined following cloning and sequencing of the amplified gene. The sequence was aligned with those available for nocardiae and phylogenetic trees were inferred using four tree-making algorithms. The organisms consistently formed a distinct clade with the type strain of . However, DNA relatedness experiments showed that the strain and DSM 43397belonged to two distinct genomic species. The organism was also distinguished from representatives of all of the validly described species of using a combination of phenotypic properties. These genotypic and phenotypic data show that the strain merits recognition as a new species of the genus . The name proposed for the new species is sp. nov. The type strain is JCM 3332.


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