The 16S rRNA gene sequences of 19 strains, 11 strains representing validated or species and eight strains of non-valid species or isolates, were determined. These sequences were aligned with the sequences of other validated and species and related actinobacteria. A comparative sequence analysis of 43 strains revealed that the species of the genera and form a monophyletic association in which species of both genera are intermixed. The high similarity in phylogenetic properties found in the species within both genera and the close relationship in physiological and chemotaxonomic features other than the diamino acid in the cell wall, provided strong evidence that the genera and should be unified. An emended genus is proposed for the two combined genera. The following validated species were combined to the genus : Aureobacterium arabinogalactanolyticum to to to to to to to to to to to to , and to


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