A halophilic endospore-forming, sulfate-reducing bacterium was isolated from an oilfield brine in France. The strain, designated SEBR 3139, was composed of long, straight to curved rods. It grew in 1–14% NaCI with an optimum at 6%. On the basis of morphological, physiological and phylogenetical characteristics, strain SEBR 3139 should be classified in the genus . However, it is sufficiently different from the hitherto described species to be considered as a new species. Strain SEBR 3139(= DSM 11559) represents the first moderate halophilic species of the genus . The name sp. nov. is proposed.


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