A gram-negative, anaerobic, non-spore-forming bacterium which is a curved rod and motile by means of a single polar or subpolar flagellum was isolated from the rumen of a cow on pasture. The bacterium fermented a range of carbohydrates. Glucose was fermented to formate, butyrate, and lactate. The composition of cellular fatty acids was determined. The DNA base composition was 40 to 41 mol% G+C. The complete 16S rRNA sequence (EMBL accession number, X95893) was obtained, and the phylogenetic relationships were determined. The most closely related taxa were , and . The name proposed for this bacterium is gen. nov., the type strain is A12-1 (DSM 9787).


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