The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain of (formerly ) was determined by PCR direct sequencing. A comparative sequence analysis showed that is a member of the subphylum of the gram-positive bacteria and has a close phylogenetic affinity with the species that form cluster XII (M. D. Collins, P. A. Lawson, A. Willems, J. J. Cordoba, J. Fernandez-Garayzabal, P. Garcia, J. Cai, H. Hippe, and J. A. E. Farrow, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44:812-826, 1994). Although is gram negative and does not produce endospores, 16S rRNA sequence data showed that it is closely related genealogically (level of sequence similarity, 99.9%) to . On the basis of our results and the results of previous studies, a second species of sp. nov., is described.


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