On the basis of morphological, physiological, and chemotaxonomic characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization data, we describe three new species: sp. nov., nom. rev. (type strain, IFO 15472); sp. nov. (type strain, IFO 15224); and sp. nov. (type strain, IFO 15203). These new species include some previously misclassified strains and an isolate obtained from corn steep liquor. Although and are similar in their physiological characteristics, they can be differentiated on the basis of their cellular fatty acid patterns and low levels of DNA-DNA hybridization. is characterized by the presence of large amounts of rhamnose in its cell wall.


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