1887

Abstract

Abstract

Three independently isolated polychlorophenol-degrading strains of bacteria were characterized on the basis of chemotaxonomic and nutritional characteristics. Previously, these strains were assigned to the species , which was described on the basis of the properties of one of the strains, strain PCP-I (T = type strain) (J. H. A. Apajalahti, P. Kärpänoja, and M. S. Salkinoja-Salonen, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 36:246–251, 1986). However, the results of analyses of mycolic acids suggested that these organisms should be transferred to the genus as These bacteria have -diaminopimelic acid, arabinose, and galactose as cell wall constituents, mycolic acids containing 75 to 80 carbon atoms, and a predominant menaquinone with nine isoprenoid units and one hydrogenated double bond. The fatty acids include mainly straight-chain saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids with 10 to 18 carbon atoms and a large proportion of 10-methyloctadecanoic acid (tuberculostearic acid). The G+C contents of the DNAs of the three strains range from 67 to 69 mol%.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-3-485
1994-01-01
2024-07-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/44/3/ijs-44-3-485.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-3-485&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Apajalahti J. H. A., Kärpänoja P., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1986; Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus sp. nov., a chlorophenol-mineralizing actinomycete. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36:246–251
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Apajalahti J. H. A., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1986; Degradation of polychlorinated phenols by Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25:62–67
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Apajalahti J. H. A., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1987; Dechlorination and para-hydroxylation of polychlorinated phenols by Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus. J. Bacteriol. 169:675–681
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Apajalahti J. H. A., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1987; Complete dechlorination of tetrachlorohydroquinone by cell extracts of pentachlorophenol-induced Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus. J. Bacteriol. 169:5125–5130
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bauchop T., Elsden S. R. 1960; The growth of microorganisms in relation to their energy supply. J. Gen. Microbiol. 23:457–469
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Briglia M., Eggen R. I. L., van Elsas D. J., de Vos W. M. 1994; Phylogenetic evidence for transfer of pentachlorophenol-mineralizing Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus PCP-IT to the genus Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44:494–498
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Collins M. D., Howarth O. W., Grund E., Kroppenstedt R. M. 1987; Isolation and structural determination of new members of a vitamin K2 series in Nocardia brasiliensis. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 41:35–39
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Collins M. D., Pirouz T., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1977; Distribution of menaquinones in actinomycetes and corynebacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 100:221–230
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Collins M. D., Shah H. N., Minnikin D. E. 1980; A note on the separation of natural mixtures of bacterial menaquinones using reverse phase thin-layer chromatography. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 48:277–282
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen 1993 Catalogue of strains, 5th ed.. Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen; Braunschweig, Germany:
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dobson G., Minnikin D. E., Parlett J. H., Goodfellow M., Ridell M., Magnusson M. 1984; Systematic analysis of complex mycobacterial lipids. 237–265 In Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. (ed.) Chemical methods in bacterial systematics Academic Press; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Golovlev E. L., Eroshina N. V. 1982; Catabolism of aromatic compounds in “erythropolis” group rhodococci. Mikrobiologiya 51:407–412
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Goodfellow M. 1989; Genus Rhodococcus. 2362–2371 In Williams S.T., Sharpe M.E., Holt J.G. (ed.) Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology vol. 4 Williams & Wilkins; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Goodfellow M. 1992; The family Nocardiaceae. 1188–1213 In Balows A., Trüper H.G., Dworkin M., Harder W., Schleifer K.-H. (ed.) The prokaryotes Springer-Verlag; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Goodfellow M., Thomas E. G., Ward A. C., James A. L. 1990; Classification and identification of rhodococci. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 274:299–315
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Goodfellow M., Williams S. T. 1983; Ecology of actinomycetes. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 37:189–216
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Gorlatov S. N., Malt'seva O. V., Schevchenko V. I., Golovleva L. A. 1989; Degradation of chlorophenols by a culture of Rhodococcus erythropolis. Mikrobiologiya 58:802–806
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Häggblom M. M. 1992; Microbial breakdown of halogenated aromatic pesticides and related compounds. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 103:29–72
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Häggblom M. M., Apajalahti J. H. A., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1986; Metabolism of chloroguaiacols by Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 24:397–404
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Häggblom M. M., Apajalahti J. H. A., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1988; Hydroxylation and dechlorination of chlorinated guaiacols and syringols by Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:683–687
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Häggblom M. M., Janke D., Middeldorp P. J. M., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1989; O-methylation of chlorinated phenols in the genus Rhodococcus. Arch. Microbiol. 152:6–9
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Häggblom M. M., Janke D., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1989; Hydroxylation and dechlorination of tetrachlorohydroquinone by Rhodococcus sp. strain CP-2 cell extracts. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:516–519
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Häggblom M. M., Janke D., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1989; Transformation of chlorinated phenolic compounds in the genus Rhodococcus. Microb. Ecol. 18:147–159
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Häggblom M. M., Nohynek L. J., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1988; Degradation and O-methylation of chlorinated phenolic compounds by Rhodococcus and Mycobacterium strains. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54:3043–3052
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Janke D., Schukat B., Prauser H. 1986; Screening among nocardioform bacteria for strains able to degrade aniline and monochloroanilines. J. Basic Microbiol. 26:341–350
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kaneko T., Katoh K., Fujimoto M., Kumagai M., Tamaoka J., Katayama-Fujimura Y. 1986; Determination of the nucleotide composition of a deoxyribonucleic acid by high-performance liquid chromatography of its enzymatic hydrolysate: a review. J. Microbiol. Methods 4:229–240
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kroppenstedt R. M., Korn-Wendisch F., Fowler V. J., Stackebrandt E. 1981; Biochemical and molecular genetic evidence for transfer of Actinoplanes armeniacus into the family Streptomycetaceae. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 2:254–262
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lechevalier H. A. 1989; A practical guide to generic identification of actinomycetes. 2344–2347 In Williams S.T., Sharpe M.E., Holt J.G. (ed.) Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology vol. 4 Williams & Wilkins; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lechevalier M. P., Lechevalier H. 1970; Chemical components as a criterion in the classification of aerobic actinomycetes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 20:435–444
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Miller L., Berger T. 1985; Bacteria identification by gas chromatography of whole cell fatty acids. Gas Chromatography Applications Note 228–41 Hewlett-Packard Co.; Palo Alto, Calif:
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Minnikin D. E., Alshamaony L., Goodfellow M. 1975; Differentiation of Mycobacterium, Nocardia and related taxa by thin-layer chromatographic analysis of whole-organism methanolysates. J. Gen. Microbiol. 88:200–204
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Minnikin D. E., Hutchinson I. G., Caldicott A. B., Goodfellow M. 1980; Thin layer chromatography of methanolysates of mycolic acid-containing bacteria. J. Chromatogr. 188:221–233
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Minnikin D. E., Minnikin S. M., O'Donnel A. G., Goodfellow M. 1984; Extraction of mycobacterial mycolic acids and other long chain compounds by an alkaline methanolysis procedure. J. Microbiol. Methods 2:243–249
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Minnikin D. E., O'Donnell A. G., Goodfellow M., Alderson M., Athalye G., Schaal A., Parlett J. H. 1984; An integrated procedure for the extraction of isoprenoid quinones and polar lipids. J. Microbiol. Methods 2:233–241
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Nohynek L. J., Häggblom M. M., Palleroni N. J., Kronqvist K., Nurmiaho-Lassila E.-L., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1993; Characterization of a Mycobacterium fortuitum strain degrading polychlorinated phenolic compounds. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16:126–134
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1972; Some properties and taxonomic subdivisions of the genus Pseudomonas. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 10:73–100
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Prauser H. 1976; Nocardioides, a new genus of the order Actinomycetales. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26:58–65
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Prosser B., Palleroni N. J. 1978; Nutritional characterization of some selected actinomycetes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 28:516–522
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Rast H. G., Engelhardt G., Wallnöfer P. R. 1980; Degradation of aromatic compounds in the actinomycete genus Rhodococcus. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 7:1–6
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Smibert R. M., Krieg N. R. 1994; Phenotypic characterization. 607–654 In Gerhardt P., Murray R.G.E., Wood W.A., Krieg N.R. (ed.) Methods for general and molecular bacteriology American Society for Microbiology; Washington, D.C.:
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Stanek J. L., Roberts G. D. 1974; Simplified approach to identification of aerobic actinomycetes by thin layer chromatography. Appl. Microbiol. 28:226–231
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. J. Gen. Microbiol. 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Sundman V. 1960; A description of some lignanolytic soil bacteria and their ability to oxidize simple phenolic compounds. J. Gen. Microbiol. 36:171–183
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Tsukamura M., Mizuno S., Tsukamura S. 1981; Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium obuense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium rhodesiae sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium aichiense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium chubuense sp. nov., nom. rev., and Mycobacterium tokaiense sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31:263–275
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Uotila J. S., Kitunen V. H., Saastamoinen T., Coote T., Häggblom M. M., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S. 1992; Characterization of aromatic dehalogenase activities of Mycobacterium fortuitum strain CG-2. J. Bacteriol. 174:5669–5675
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Uotila J. S., Salkinoja-Salonen M. S., Apajalahti J. H. A. 1992; Degradation of pentachlorophenol by membrane bound enzymes from Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus. Biodegradation 2:68–75
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Valo R. 1990; Occurrence and metabolism of chlorophenolic wood preservative in the environment. Ph.D. thesis University of Helsinki; Helsinki, Finland:
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Valo R., Salkinoja-Salonen M. 1986; Bioreclamation of chlorophenol-contaminated soil by composting. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25:68–75
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Vestal A. 1975; Procedures for the isolation and identification of mycobacteria. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Publication (CDC) 75–8230 Centers for Disease Control; Atlanta:
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Wayne L. G., Kubica G. P. 1986; Genus Mycobacterium. 1436–1457 In Sneath P.H.A., Mair N.S., Sharpe M.E., Holt J.G. (ed.) Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology vol. 2 Williams & Wilkins; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Winter B., Zimmermann W. 1991; Degradation of halogenated aromatics by actinomycetes. 157–203 In Siegel H. (ed.) Metal ions in biological systems vol. 2 Marcel Dekker; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-3-485
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-3-485
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error