Three mycoplasma strains, designated GIH (T = type strain), UIA, and VIST, were isolated from the external ear canals of goats and were shown to be serologically distinct from each other and from previously described , and species. Using light and transmission electron microscopy, we showed that the cells of these organisms were small, pleomorphic, coccoid, nonmotile, and nonhelical and that each cell was surrounded by a single cytoplasmic membrane. There was no evidence of a cell wall, and the organisms grew freely in media containing penicillin at concentrations of 1,000 U/ml or more and thallous acetate (final concentration, 1:4,000) and produced the “fried-egg” morphology typical of most mollicutes. Growth occurred both aerobically and anaerobically (as determined by the GasPak method). The ability to catabolize glucose and mannose and the ability to hydrolyze arginine varied among the three strains. All three strains required sterol for growth, and none of the strains hydrolyzed urea. The guanine-plus-cytosine contents of the DNAs of strains UIA, VIS, and GIH were determined to be 26.9, 27.0, and 26.6 mol%, respectively. Our data indicate that the three strains represent new species, for which we propose the names , and The type strain of is UIA (= ATCC 51348 = NCTC 11731), the type strain of is VIS (= ATCC 51347 = NCTC 11732), and the type strain of is GIH (= ATCC 51346 = NCTC 11730).


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