1887

Abstract

Abstract

A new gram-positive, nonmotile coccus is described. Strains IFO 12422 (T = type strain) and IFO 15385 in the Institute for Fermentation, Osaka, culture collection, which were isolated from soil and water, respectively, have the following chemotaxonomic characteristics: menaquinone MK-9(H); G+C content of DNA of 67 mol%; and LL-diaminopimelic acid, alanine, glycine, and glutamic acid in a molar ratio of ca. 1:2:1:1 (type Α3γ). Mycolic acids are not present. The taxonomic characteristics of these organisms are different from those of previously described gram-positive, high-G+C-content cocci. The partial 16S rRNA sequence indicated that IFO 12422 represents a distinct line of descent among gram-positive bacteria with a high G+C content. The name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain IFO 12422.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-2-348
1994-04-01
2022-11-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/44/2/ijs-44-2-348.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-2-348&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bergan T., Kocur M. 1982; Stomatococcus mucilaginosus gen. nov., sp. nov., sp. rev., a member of the family Micrococcaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 32 374 377
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brooks B. W., Murray R. G. E. 1981; Nomenclature for “Micrococcus radiodurans” and other radiation-resistant cocci: Deinococcaceae fam. nov. and Deinococcus gen. nov., including five species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31 353 360
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Brosius J., Palmer J. L., Kennedy J. P., Noller H. F. 1978; Complete nucleotide sequence of a 16S ribosomal RNA gene from Escherichia coli. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75 4801 4805
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cohn F. 1872; Untersuchungen über Bakterien. Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 1 (Heft) 127 224
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Collins M. D., Dorsch M., Stackebrandt E. 1989; Transfer of Pimelobacter tumescens to Terrabacter gen. nov. as Terrabacter tumescens comb. nov. and of Pimelobacter jensenii to Nocardioides as Nocardioides jensenii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 39 1 6
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. M. 1979; Isoprenoid quinone in the classification of coryneform and related bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 110 127 136
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Collins M. D., Keddie R. M., Kroppenstedt R. M. 1983; Lipid composition of Arthrobacter simplex, Arthrobacter tumescens and possibly related taxa. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 4 18 26
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Collins M. D., Stackebrandt E. 1989; Molecular taxonomic studies on some LL-diaminopimelic acid-containing coryneforms from herbage: description of Nocardioides fastidiosa sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 57 289 294
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Cowan S. T., Steel K. J. 1965 Manual for the identification of medical bacteria Cambridge University Press; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Ezaki T., Hashimoto Y., Yabuuchi E. 1989; Fluorometric deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization in microdilution wells as an alternative to membrane filter hybridization in which radioisotopes are used to determine genetic relatedness among bacterial strains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 39 224 229
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Higgins D. R., Bleasby A. J., Fuchs R. 1992; Clustal V: improved software for multiple sequence alignment. Comput. Appl. Biosci. 8 189 190
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ina Y. 1991 Molecular evolutionary analysis system for DNA and amino acid sequences (ODEN), version 1.1 DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ), DNA Research Center, National Institute of Genetics; Mishima, Japan:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Jones D., Collins M. D. 1986; Section 15. Irregular, non-sporing Gram-positive rods,. 1261 1434 Sneath P. H. A., Mair N. S., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 2 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kimura M. 1980; A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J. Mol. Evol. 16 111 120
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Kroppenstedt R. M. 1985; Fatty acid and menaquinone analysis of actinomycetes and related organisms,. 173 199 Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. Chemical methods in bacterial systematics Academic Press, Ltd.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Lechevalier H. A. 1986; Section 26. Nocardioform actinomycetes,. 2348 2404 Goodfellow P. H. A., Mair N. S., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 4 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Lechevalier M. P., Lechevalier H. A., Holbert P. E. 1968; Sporichthya, un nouveau genre de Streptomycetaceae. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 114 277 286
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Locci R. 1986; Section 29. Streptomycetes and related genera,. 2451 2508 Goodfellow P. H. A., Mair N. S., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 4 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Mesbah M., Premachandran U., Whitman W. B. 1989; Precise measurement of the G+C content of deoxyribonucleic acid by high-performance liquid chromatography. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 39 159 167
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Miller E. S., Woese C. R., Brenner S. 1991; Description of the erythromycin-producing bacterium Arthrobacter sp. strain NRRL B-3381 as Aeromicrobium erythreum gen. nov., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 41 363 368
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Oda M. 1935; Bacteriological studies on water used for brewing sake (part 6). I. Bacteriological studies on “miyamizu.” Micrococcus and Actinomyces isolated from “miyamizu.”. Jozogaku Zasshi 13 1202 1228 (In Japanese)
    [Google Scholar]
  22. O’Donnell A. G., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1982; Lipids in the classification of Nocardioides: reclassification of Arthrobacter simplex (Jensen) Lochhead in the genus Nocardioides (Prauser) emend. O’Donnell et al. as Nocardioides simplex comb. nov. Arch. Microbiol. 133 323 329
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Orla-Jensen S. 1909; Die Hauptlinien des natürlichen Bakteriensystems. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. II. 22 305 346
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Pitcher D. G., Collins M. D. 1991; Phylogenetic analysis of some LL-diaminopimelic acid-containing coryneform bacteria from human skin: description of Propionibacterium innocuum sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 84 295 300
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Poston J. M. 1993; Pelczaria aurantia gen. nov., sp. nov., a newly described orange-colored bacterium. Arch. Microbiol. 160 114 120
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Prauser H. 1976; Nocardioides, a new genus of the order Actinomycetales. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26 58 65
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Rainey F. A., Schumann P., Prauser H., Toalster R., Stackebrandt E. 1993; Sporichthya polymorpha represents a novel line of descent within the order Actinomycetales. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 109 263 268
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Saiki R. K., Gelfand D. H., Stoffe S., Scharf S. J., Higuchi R., Horn G. T., Mullis K. B., Erlich A. 1988; Primer-directed enzymatic amplification of DNA with a thermostable DNA polymerase. Science 239 487 491
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Saito H., Miura K. 1963; Preparation of transforming deoxyribonucleic acid by phenol treatment. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 72 619 629
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Saitou N., Nei M. 1987; The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4 406 425
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Schleifer K. H. 1986; Section 12. Gram-positive cocci,. 999 1103 Goodfellow P. H. A., Mair N. S., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 2 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Schleifer K. H., Kandier O. 1972; Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications. Bacteriol. Rev. 36 407 477
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Stackebrandt E., Woese C. R. 1979; A phylogenetic dissection of the Family Micrococcaceae. Curr. Microbiol. 2 317 322
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Takeuchi M., Kawai F., Shimada Y., Yokota A. 1993; Taxonomic study of polyethylene glycol-utilizing bacteria: emended description of the genus Sphingomonas and new description of Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus sp. nov., Sphingomonas sanguis sp. nov. and Sphingomonas terrae sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 16 227 238
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Waksman S. A., Henrici A. T. 1943; The nomenclature and classification of the actinomycetes. J. Bacteriol. 46 337 341
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Weisburg W. G., Giovannoni S. J., Woese C. R. 1989; The Deinococcus-Thermus and the effect of rRNA composition on phylogenetic tree construction. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 11 128 134
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Woese C. R. 1987; Bacterial evolution. Microbiol. Rev. 51 221 271
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Yokota A., Tamura T., Nishii T., Hasegawa T. 1993; Kineococcus aurantiacus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new aerobic, gram-positive, motile coccus with meso-diaminopimelic acid and arabinogalactan in the cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43 52 57
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-2-348
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-44-2-348
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error