Plant-associated bacteria were characterized and are discussed in relation to authentic members of the genus sensu stricto. Bacteria belonging to rRNA group II are separated clearly from members of the genus sensu stricto ( rRNA group) on the basis of plant association characteristics, chemotaxonomic characteristics, DNA-DNA hybridization data, rRNA-DNA hybridization data, and the sequences of 5S and 16S rRNAs. The transfer of , and to the new genus is supported; we also propose that and should be transferred to the genus . Isolate VA-1316 (T = type strain) was distinguished from species on the basis of physiological characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization data. A new species, sp. nov. is proposed for this organism; the type strain of is VA-1316 (= JCM 7957).


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