We recently reported a genus-specific PCR for the mycobacterial gene. In the present study, we have determined the nucleotide sequences of the gene from 19 mycobacterial species ( BCG, , and ). On the basis of the amplified gene nucleotide sequences, we constructed a phylogenetic tree of the mycobacterial species by using the neighbor-joining method and unweighted pairwise grouping method of arithmetic average. We found that the phylogenetic relationship inferred within the slowly growing species was in good agreement with the traditional classification, with three major branches corresponding to Runyon's groups I, II, and III. An exception was , which was phylogenetically closer to the cluster including members of Runyon's group III than to that of Runyon's group I. On the other hand, the rapid growers, such as and , did not form a coherent line corresponding to Runyon's group IV, indicating that our phylogenetic analysis based on the gene reflects the phenotypic characteristics such as pigmentation but not the growth rate. Finally, we revealed the species-specific restriction sites within the amplified gene to differentiate most of the mycobacterial DNA by a combination of PCR with restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.


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