Coryneform bacteria that were isolated from biofilters which are used for waste gas treatment of animal-rendering plant emissions were differentiated and partially identified by using chemotaxonomic methods. On the basis of the results of a numerical analysis of whole-cell fatty acid profiles, 79 isolates were divided into two major groups; the members of the first group contained saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, whereas the members of the second group were characterized by iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids. Division into subclusters was based mainly on quantitative differences in fatty acid composition and was confirmed by the results obtained for additional chemical markers (e.g., respiratory quinones, mycolic acids, polar lipids, cell wall amino acids, and whole-cell sugar patterns). By combining the results obtained for chemotaxonomic analyses that were performed for strains containing saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, we were able to identify the genus (two species were differentiated on the basis of the occurrence of tuberculostearic acid), the genus , and the genus . Among the strains that produced iso-anteiso fatty acid patterns, one subgroup was affiliated with the “nicotianae” group of the genus ; however, some strains contained a new combination of chemical markers. Peptidoglycan type A4α, L-Lys-Gly-L-Glu was combined with menaquinones MK-7 and MK-8, whereas peptidoglycan type A4α, L-Lys-L-Glu occurred together with MK-8 and MK-9. The second subgroup was characterized by a new type B peptidoglycan and MK-11, as well as small amounts of MK-12. Differentiation that was based first on chemotaxonomy and second on physiology gave reliable results. Thus, coryneform strains with new characteristics were isolated from biofilters.


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