The sp. associated with annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT) in Australia has been reported to differ from other spp. in serological properties, allozyme electrophoretic mobility, bacteriophage sensitivity, and adhesion to nematodes ( spp.). To clarify its taxonomic position, eight strains of the ARGT sp. were compared with strains of , and . The ARGT strains were distinguishable from the other bacteria on the basis of the results of a range of biochemical tests. DNA base composition, growth factor requirements, and growth rates were also determined. A new species, , is proposed, with type strain CS14 (= ICMP 9525 = NCPPB 3552).


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