A new genus and species of obligate intracellular bacterial parasite of small free-living amoebae is described. This bacterium causes fatal infections in amoebae belonging to the group. It does not grow on any artificial substrate deprived of living amoeba cells. The entry of the bacterium into a host occurs by phagocytosis, but growth occurs in the cytoplasm, not in phagosomes. This parasite is readily distinguished from other kinds of previously recognized bacteria that live within amoeba cells on the basis of its host cell lytic activity. The bacterium is a gram-negative, short rod with tapered ends. It multiplies intracellularly by a transverse central pinching-off process. Cells are motile by means of a polar tuft of flagella. The bacterium is surrounded by a distinct multilayered cell envelope with a chemtype A1γ peptidoglycan. The peptidoglycan is unique in its high content of glucosamine residues with free amino groups. The DNA base composition of this organism is 43 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed for this bacterium. The type strain of is strain L2 (= PCM 2298).


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error