The phylogenetic interrelationships of members of the genus and some atypical lactobacilli isolated from diseased salmonid fish were investigated by using reverse transcriptase sequencing of 16S rRNA. The four species , and exhibited a high degree of sequence similarity with each other (ca. 96 to 98%) and formed a phylogenetically coherent group that was quite distinct from all other lactic acid bacteria. The sequence data clearly demonstrated that carnobacteria are phylogenetically closer to the genera and than to members of the genus The strains from fish were found to be phylogenetically related to the genus and represent a new species, The type strain of is strain NCFB 2777.


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