Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics of seven moderately halophilic isolates from a mediterranean saltern showed that they were very closely related to “.” This species, which was originally described on the basis of strains isolated from the Dead Sea, was not included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and is not accepted as a member of the genus since it produces a pigment that is not violacein, does not possess the characteristic flagellar arrangement, and is not genotypically related to this genus as determined by deoxyribonucleic acid-ribosomal ribonucleic acid hybridization experiments. On the basis of the special features of these strains, we propose that they should be placed in a new genus, , which includes a single species, comb. nov., nom. rev. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition is 62.1 to 64.9 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The type strain is strain ATCC 17056 (= CCM 3518).


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