1887

Abstract

Abstract

The deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA):ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) hybridization technique was used to reveal the relationships and taxonomic positions of an additional 83 strains belonging to 43 saprophytic or pathogenic species and 29 named and unnamed like strains. The DNA:rRNA hybrids were characterized by the following two parameters: (i) the temperature at which one-half of the hybrid was eluted and (ii) the percentage of rRNA binding (the amount of rRNA bound per 100 pg of filter-fixed DNA). We also used, for a limited number of strains, numerical analysis of carbon assimilation tests to delineate the finer taxonomic relationships of organisms. Of the 83 strains examined, 78 could be definitely assigned either to an rRNA branch or to an rRNA superfamily within the Only 25 of our strains belong in the genus sensu stricto (our rRNA branch). In general, about two-thirds of the named species have been misclassified and are distributed over at least seven genera all through the These organisms need to be reclassified and generically renamed according to their phylogenetic relationships. However, more detailed phenotypic and genotypic studies are necessary before definite nomenclatural proposals can be made. A comprehensive list of the phylogenetic affiliations of the species is included.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-39-1-35
1989-01-01
2022-09-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/39/1/ijs-39-1-35.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-39-1-35&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baumann L., Baumann P., Mandel M., Allen R. D. 1972; Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. J. Bacteriol. 110:402–429
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baumann L., Bowditch R. D., Baumann P. 1983; Description of Deleya gen. nov. created to accomodate the marine species Alcaligenes aestus, A. pacificus, A. cupidus, A. vennustus, and Pseudomonas marina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:793–802
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bauwens M., De Ley J. 1981; Improvements in the taxonomy of Flavobacterium by DNA.rRNA hybridizations. 27–31 In Reichenbach H., Weeks O. B. The Flavobacterium-Cytophaga group Verlag Chemie; Weinheim:
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bell S. C., Turner J. M. 1973; lodinin biosynthesis by a pseudomonad. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 1:743–751
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Blackall L. L., Hayward A. C., Sly L. I. 1985; Cellulolytic and dextranolytic Gram-negative bacteria: revival of the genus Cellvibrio. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 59:81–97
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. 1974 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Byng G. S., Whitaker R. J., Gherna R. L., Jensen R. A. 1980; Variable enzymological patterning in tyrosine biosynthesis as a means of determining natural relatedness among the Pseudomonadaceae. J. Bacteriol. 144:247–257
    [Google Scholar]
  8. De Ley J. 1978; Modern molecular methods in bacterial taxonomy: evaluation, application, prospects. 347–357 In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria 1: Gilbert-Clarey; Tours, France:
    [Google Scholar]
  9. De Ley J., De Smedt J. 1975; Improvements of the membrane filter method for DNA:rRNA hybridization. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol. 41:287–307
    [Google Scholar]
  10. De Ley J., Mannheim W., Segers P., Lievens A., Denijn M., Vanhoucke M., Gillis M. 1987; Ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistron similarities and taxonomic neighborhood of Brucella and CDC group Vd. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37:35–42
    [Google Scholar]
  11. De Ley J., Segers P., Gillis M. 1978; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of Chromobacterium and Janthinobacterium ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 28:154–168
    [Google Scholar]
  12. De Smedt J., Bauwens M., Tijtgat R., De Ley J. 1980; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons of free-living nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 30:106–122
    [Google Scholar]
  13. De Smedt J., De Ley J. 1977; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of Agrobacterium ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 27:222–240
    [Google Scholar]
  14. De Vos P., De Ley J. 1983; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of Pseudomonas and Xanthomonas ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:487–509
    [Google Scholar]
  15. De Vos P., Goor M., Gillis M., De Ley J. 1985; Ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistron similarities of phytopathogenic Pseudomonas species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:169–184
    [Google Scholar]
  16. De Vos P., Kersters K., De Ley J. 1980; Identification of the leaf nodule bacterial strain PeH220 as Erwinia herbicola subsp. herbicola. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 1:237–242
    [Google Scholar]
  17. De Vos P., Kersters K., Falsen E., Pot B., Gillis M., Segers P., De Ley J. 1985; Comamonas Davis and Park 1962 gen. nov., nom. rev. emend., and Comamonas terrigena Hugh 1962 sp. nov.. nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:443–453
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Döhler Κ., Huss V. A. R., Zumft W. G. 1987; Transfer of Pseudomonas perfectomarina Baumann, Bowditch, Baumann, and Beaman 1983 to Pseudomonas stutzeri (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Sijderius 1946. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37:1–3
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Doudoroff M., Contopoulou R., Kunisawa R., Palleroni N. J. 1974; Taxonomie validity of Pseudomonas denitrificans (Christensen) Bergey et al. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24:294–300
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Doudoroff M., Palleroni N. J. 1974; Genus I. Pseudomonas Migula, 1894, 237. 217–243 In Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Gillis M., De Ley J. 1980; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of the ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons of Acetobacter and Gluconobacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 30:7–27
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Goor M., Vantomme R., Swings J., Gillis M., Kersters K., De Ley J. 1986; Phenotypic and genotypic diversity of Pseudomonas tolaasii and white line reacting organisms isolated from cultivated mushrooms. J. Gen. Microbiol 132:2249–2264
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gray P. H. H., Thornton H. G. 1928; Soil bacteria that decompose certain aromatic compounds. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 2 73:74–96
    [Google Scholar]
  24. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1985; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:223–225
    [Google Scholar]
  25. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1985; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 18. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:375–376
    [Google Scholar]
  26. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1985; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 19. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35535
    [Google Scholar]
  27. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1986; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36:354–356
    [Google Scholar]
  28. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1986; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 21. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36489
    [Google Scholar]
  29. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1986; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36:573–576
    [Google Scholar]
  30. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1987; Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 23. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37:179–180
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Jenni B., Realini L., Aragno M., Tamer A. U. 1988; Taxonomy of non H2-lithotrophic, oxalate-oxidizing bacteria related to Alcaligenes eutrophus. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 10:126–133
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Kersters Κ., De Ley J. 1984; Genus Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919, 936AL . 361–373 In Krieg N. R., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Komagata Κ., Tamagawa Y., Iizuka H. 1968; Characteristics of Erwinia herbicola. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 14:19–37
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Krieg N. R., Holt J. G. 1984 Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Lee J. V., Gibson D. M., Shewan J. M. 1977; A numerical taxonomic study of some Pseudomonas-like marine bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 98:439–451
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Levine M., Soppeland L. 1926; Bacteria in creamery wastes. Bull. Iowa State Agric. Coll. 77:1–72
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lysenko O. 1961; Pseudomonas—an attempt at a general classification. J. Gen. Microbiol. 25:379–408
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Moore W. E. C., Cato E. P., Moore L. V. H. 1985; Index of bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1985). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:382–407
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Owen R. J., Jackman P. J. H. 1982; The similarities between Pseudomonas paucimobilis and allied bacteria derived from analysis of deoxyribonucleic acids and electrophoretic protein patterns. J. Gen. Microbiol 128:2945–2954
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Owen R. J., Legros R. M., Lapage S. P. 1978; Base composition, size and sequence similarities of genome deoxyribonucleic acids from clinical isolates of Pseudomonas putrefaciens. J. Gen. Microbiol. 104:127–138
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Palleroni N. J. 1984; Genus I Pseudomonas. 141–199 In Krieg N. R., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1: The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Palleroni N. J., Ballard R. W., Ralston E., Doudoroff M. 1972; Deoxyribonucleic acid homologies among some Pseudomonas species. J. Bacteriol. 110:1–11
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Palleroni N. J., Kunisawa R., Contopoulou R., Doudoroff M. 1973; Nucleic acid homologies in the genus Pseudomonas. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 23:333–339
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Pot B., Gillis M., Hoste B., Van De Velde A., Bekaert F., Kersters K., De Ley J. 1989; Intra- and intergeneric relationships of the genus Oceanospirillum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 39:23–34
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Rossau R., Van Landschoot A., Mannheim W., De Ley J. 1986; Inter- and intrageneric similarities of ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons of the Neisseriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36:323–332
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Skerman V. B. D., McGowan V., Sneath P. H. A. 1980; Approved lists of bacterial names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 30:225–420
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Stackebrandt E., Murray R. G. E., Trüper H. G. 1988; Proteobacteria classis no v., a name for the phylogenetic taxon that includes the “purple bacteria and their relatives.”. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 38:321–325
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. J. Gen. Microbiol. 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Sundman V. 1964; A description of some lignanolytic soil bacteria and their ability to oxidize single phenolytic compounds. J. Gen. Microbiol. 36:171–183
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Swings J., De Vos P., Van den Mooter M., De Ley J. 1983; Transfer of Pseudomonas maltophilia Hugh 1981 to the genus Xanthomonas as Xanthomonas maltophilia (Hugh 1981) comb, nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:409–413
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Swings J., Gillis M., Kersters K., De Vos P., Gosselé F., De Ley J. 1980; Frateuria, a new genus for “Acetobacter aurantius.”. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 30:547–556
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Tamaoka J., Ha D.-M., Komagata K. 1987; Reclassification of Pseudomonas acidovorans den Dooren de Jong 1928 and Pseudomonas testosteroni Marcus and Talalay 1956 as Comamonas acidovorans comb. nov. and Comamonas testosteroni comb, nov., with an emended description of the genus Comamonas. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37:52–59
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Tchan Y.-T. 1984; Family II. Azotobacteraceae Pribram 1933, 5AL . 219–234 In Krieg N. R., Holt J. G. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1: The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Van Landschoot A., De Ley J. 1983; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of the rRNA cistrons of Alteromonas, Marinomonas (gen. nov.) and some other gram-negative bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 129:3057–3074
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Van Landschoot A., Rossau R., De Ley J. 1986; Intra- and intergeneric similarities of the ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons of Acinetobacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36:150–160
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Verdonck L., Mergaert J., Rijckaert C., Swings J., Kersters K., De Ley J. 1987; Genus Erwinia: numerical analysis of phenotypic features. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37:4–18
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Whitaker R. J., Byng G. S., Gherna R. L., Jensen R. A. 1981; Comparative allostery of 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthetase as an indicator of taxonomic relatedness in pseudomonad genera. J. Bacteriol. 145:752–759
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Willems A., Gillis M., Kersters K., Van Den Broecke L., De Ley J. 1987; Transfer of Xanthomonas ampelina Panagopoulos 1969 to a new genus, Xylophilus gen. nov., as Xylophilus ampelinus (Panagopoulos 1969) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37:422–430
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Woese C. R. 1987; Bacterial evolution. Microbiol. Rev. 51:221–271
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Yabuuchi E., Tanimura E., Ohyama A., Yano I., Yamamota A. 1979; Flavobacterium devorans ATCC 10829: a strain of Pseudomonas paucimobilis. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 25:95–107
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-39-1-35
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-39-1-35
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error