1887

Abstract

The causal agent of bacterial gall of carrots ( L.) is named gen. nov., sp. nov. and is placed in the family . This bacterium is a gram-negative, capsulated, straight or curved rod with polar flagella or lateral flagella or both and a cell diameter of 0.9 to 1.3 μm. The bacterial cells accumulate poly-β-hydroxybutyrate granules. Glucose is metabolized oxidatively. The bacteria are positive for oxidase and catalase reactions and are susceptible to vibriostatic agent 0/129 phosphate. Colonies grown on dilute potato-peptone-glucose agar medium are white, tough, and highly plicated; when grown on dilute yeast extract-peptone-glucose agar medium, they are yellowish white. No water-soluble pigment is produced. In liquid media the bacterium grows as abundant, primarily globular floes. can use various kinds of carbon sources, including sugars, polysaccharides, and sugar alcohols, but not benzene derivatives. The guanine-plus-cytosine content of the deoxyribonucleic acid is 66.9 to 70.6 mol%. The ubiquinone is Q8. This bacterium induces gall formation on roots of carrots. Strain H6 is designated the type strain and has been deposited with the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 43778) and the International Collection of Microorganisms from Plants, New Zealand (ICMP 9400) together with four other reference strains (ATCC 43776, ATCC 43777, ATCC 43779, and ATCC 43780; ICMP 9398, ICMP 9399, ICMP 9401, and ICMP 9402).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-38-3-233
1988-07-01
2024-06-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/38/3/ijsem-38-3-233.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-38-3-233&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baumann P., Schubert R. H. W. 1984 Family II. Vibrionaceae Veron 1965. 516–551 Krieg N. R., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore.:
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Becking J. H. 1984 Genus Beijerinckia Derx 1950. 311–321 Krieg N. R., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore.:
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Collins M. D. 1985 Analysis of isoprenoid quinones. 329–366 Gottschalk G.ed Methods in microbiology 18 Academic Press, Inc.; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cowan S. T. 1974 Cowan and Steel’s manual for the identification of medical bacteria,, 2nd. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge:
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Crabtree K., McCoy E. 1967; Zoogloea ramigera Itzigsohn. Identification and description. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 17:1–10
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Friedman B. A., Dugan P. R. 1968; Identification of Zoogloea species and the relationship to zoogloeal matrix and floc formation. J. Bacteriol. 95:1903–1909
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gitaitis R. D., Sasser M. J., Beaver R. W., McInnes T. B., Stall R. E. 1987; Pectolytic xanthomonads in mixed infections with Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, P. syringae pv. tomato, and Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in tomato and pepper transplants. Phytopathology 77:611–615
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Goto M. 1988; Sensitivity of plant pathogenic bacteria to 2,4- diamino-6,7-diisopropyl-pteridine and its taxonomic significance. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 54:64–67
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Goto M., Matsumoto K. 1986; Taxonomic study on soft rot bacteria isolated from diseased rhizomes and roots of wasabi (Eutrema wasabi Maxim.). Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 52:6977
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Goto M., Kuwata H. 1986; A new bacterial disease of carrot. II. The causal agent. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 52:504–505 (Abstract in Japanese.)
    [Google Scholar]
  11. King E. O., Ward M. K., Raney D. E. 1954; Two simple media for the demonstration of pyocyanin and fluorescein. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 44:301–307
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kiraly Z., Klement Z., Solymosy F., Voros J. 1974 Methods in plant pathology. 137 Elsevier Science Publishing Co.; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kuwata H., Goto M. 1986; A new bacterial disease of carrot. I. Distribution, symptom, and inoculation test. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 52:505 (Abstract in Japanese.)
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lowe G. H. 1962; The rapid detection of lactose fermentation in paracolon organisms by the demonstration of fl-d-galactosidase. J. Med. Lab. Technol. 19:21–25
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Marmur J. 1961; A procedure for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from microorganisms. J. Mol. Biol. 3:208–218
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Marmur J., Doty P. 1962; Determination of the base composition of deoxyribonucleic acid from its thermal denaturation temperature. J. Mol. Biol. 5:109–118
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Miller J. H. 1972 Experiments in molecular genetics. 352–355 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y:
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Murashige T., Skoog F. 1962; A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol. Plant. 15:473–497
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Palleroni N. J. 1984 Family Pseudomonadaceae Winslow, Broadhurst, Buchanan Krumwiede, Rogers, and Smith 1918. 141–219 Krieg N. R., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore.:
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Pelczar M. J. Jr.ed 1957 Manual of microbiological methods. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc.; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Schaad N. W.ed 1980 Laboratory guide for identification of plant pathogenic bacteria. Bacteriology Committee of the American Phytopathological Society; Minneapolis:
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Shirata A., Goto M. 1981; Bacterial flagella staining by modified Yamanaka method. Shokubutsu Boeki 35:325–326 (In Japanese.)
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. J. Gen. Microbiol. 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Starr M. P., Jenkins C. L., Bussey L. B., Andrewes A. G. 1977; Chemotaxonomic significance of the xanthomonadins, novel brominated aryl-polyene pigments produced by bacteria of the genus Xanthomonas. Arch. Microbiol. 113:1–9
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Unz R. F. 1971; Neotype strain of Zoogloea ramigera Itsigsohn. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 21:91–99
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Unz R. F. 1984 Genus IV. Zoogloea Itsigsohn 1868. 214–219 Krieg N. R., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore.:
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-38-3-233
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-38-3-233
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error