1887

Abstract

A total of 443 strains of , many of which were isolated from estuaries in the United States, were studied with numerical taxonomy to determine relationships among those species known to be pathogenic for humans, e.g., , and , as well as among strains not identifiable from the minimum diagnostic characteristics likely to be used in many clinical laboratories. Similarity coefficients were calculated on the basis of 133 characters, using Euclidean distance. Most of the strains clustered in phena along with reference strans. Several new, as yet undescribed phena containing strains isolated from diverse geographic locations were detected. Deficiencies in current schemes for identification of and were observed, and the definitions of these species were extended by using information obtained in this study.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-4-531
1986-10-01
2022-06-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/36/4/ijsem-36-4-531.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-4-531&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barbay J. R., Bradford H. B., Roberts N. C. 1984 The occurrence of halophilic vibrios in Louisiana coastal waters. 511–520 Colwell R. R.ed Vibrios in the environment John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baumann P., Baumann L., Hall B. G. 1981; Lactose utilization by Vibrio vulnificus. Curr. Microbiol. 6:131–135
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baumann P., Furniss A. L., Lee J. V. 1984 Genus I. Vibrio Pacini 1854, 411AL. 518–538 Kreig N. R., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baumann P., Schubert R. H. W. 1984 Family II. Vibrionaceae Veron 1965, 5245AL. 516–550 Krieg N. R., Holt J. G.ed Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology 1 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Blake P. A., Donald M. D., Allegra D. T., Snyder J. D., Barrett T. J., McFarland L., Caraway C. T., Feeley J. C., Craig J. P., Lee J. V., Puhr N. D., Feldman R. A. 1980; Cholera–a possible endemic focus in the United States. N. Eng. J. Med. 302:305–309
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Blake P. A., Weaver R. E., HoUis D. G. 1980; Diseases of humans (other than cholera) caused by vibrios. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 34:341–367
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Brenner D. J., Davis B. R., Kudoh Y., Ohashi M., Sakazaki R., Shimada T., Smith H. L. Jr. 1982; Serological comparison of two collections of Vibrio cholerae non 01. J. Clin. Microbiol. 16:319–323
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Brenner D. J., Hickman-Brenner F. W., Lee J. V., Steigerwalt A. G., Fanning G. R., Hollis D. G., Farmer J. J. III, Weaver R. E., Joseph S. W., Seidler R. J. 1983; Vibrio furnissii(formerly aerogenic biogroup of Vibrio fluvialis), a new species isolated from human feces and the environment. J. Clin. Microbiol. 18:816–824
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Colwell R. R. 1984 Vibrios in the environment. 634 John Wiley & Sons; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Colwell R. R., Grimes D. J. 1984; Vibrio diseases of marine fish populations. Helgol. Meeresunters. 37:265–287
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Davis B. R., Fanning G. R., Madden J. M., Steigerwalt A. G., Bradford H. B. Jr., Smith H. L. Jr., Brenner D. J. 1981; Characterization of biochemically atypical Vibrio choleraestrains and designation of a new pathogenic species, Vibrio mimicus. J. Clin. Microbiol. 14:631–639
    [Google Scholar]
  12. DePaola A. 1981; Vibrio cholerae in marine foods and environmental waters: a literature review. J. Food Sci. 46:66–70
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Desmarchelier P. M., Reichelt J. L. 1981; Phenotypic characterization of clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae from Australia. Curr. Microbiol. 5:123–127
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Desmarchelier P. M., Reichelt J. L. 1984; A phenotypic and genetic study of sucrose nonfermenting strains of Vibrio mimicus and Vibrio cholerae. Curr. Microbiol. 10:41–48
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Farmer J. J. III 1984; International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Vibrionaceae(vibrios): minutes of the meetings, 7 and 11 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 34:251–252
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hada H. S., Stemmier J., Grossbard M. L., West P. A., Potrikus C. J., Hastings J. W., Colwell R. R. 1985; Characterization of non-01 serovar Vibrio cholerae (Vibrio albensis). Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 6:203–209
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hada H. S., West P. A., Lee J. V., Stemmier J., Colwell R. R. 1984; Vibrio tubiashii sp. nov., a pathogen of bivalve mollusks. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 34:1–4
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Heiberg B. 1936; The biochemical reactions of vibrios. J. Hygiene 36:114–117
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hickman-Brenner F. W., Brenner D. J., Steigerwalt A. G., Schreiber M., Holmberg S. D., Baldy L. M., Lewis C. S., Pickens N. M., Farmer J. J. III 1984; Vibrio fluvialis and Vibrio furnissii isolated from a stool sample of one patient. J. Clin. Microbiol. 20:125–127
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hollis D. G., Weaver R. E., Baker C. N., Thornsberry C. 1976; Halophilic Vibrio species isolated from blood cultures. J. Clin. Microbiol. 3:425–431
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hugh R., Sakazaki R. 1972; Minimal number of characters for the identification of Vibrio species, Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Public Health Lab. 30:133–137
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Huq A., Small E. B., West P. A., Huq M. I., Rahman R., Colwell R. R. 1983; Ecological relationships between Vibrio cholerae and planktonic crustacean copepods. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45:275–283
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Joseph S. W., Colwell R. R., Kaper J. B. 1982; Vibrio parahaemolyticus and related halophic vibrios. CRC Crit. Rev. Microbiol. 10:77–124
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kaneko T., Colwell R. R. 1974; Distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and related organisms in the Atlantic Ocean off South Carolina and Georgia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 28:1009–1017
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kaper J. B., Bradford H. B., Roberts N. C., Falkow S. 1982; Molecular epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae in the U.S. Gulf Coast. J. Clin. Microbiol. 16:129–134
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Lee J. V., Shread P., Furniss A. L., Bryant T. N. 1981; Taxonomy and description of Vibrio fluvialis sp. nov. (synonym, group F vibrios, group EF6). J. Appl. Bacteriol. 50:73–94
    [Google Scholar]
  27. MacDonell M. T., Colwell R. R. 1984; Identical 5S rRNA nucleotide sequence of Vibrio cholerae strains representing temporal, geographical, and ecological diversity. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 48:119–121
    [Google Scholar]
  28. MacDonell M. T., Colwell R. R. 1984; The nucleotide base sequence of Vibrionaceae 5S rRNA. FEBS Lett. 175:183–188
    [Google Scholar]
  29. MacDonell M T., Colwell R. R. 1985; Phylogeny of the Vibrionaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 6:171–182
    [Google Scholar]
  30. MacDonell M. T., Colwell R. R. 1985 The contribution of numerical taxonomy to the systematics of gram-negative bacteria. 107–135 Goodfellow M., Jones D., Priest F. G.ed Current topics in computer-assisted bacterial systematics Academic Press, Inc., Ltd.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Nishibuchi M., Seidler R. J. 1985; Rapid microimmunodiffusion method with species-specific antiserum raised to purified antigen for identification of Vibrio vulnificus. J. Clin. Microbiol. 21:102–107
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Oliver J. D., Warner R. A., Cleland D. R. 1983; Distribution of Vibrio vulnificus and other lactose-fermenting vibrios in the marine environment. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45:985–998
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Popoff M., Veron M. 1976; A taxonomic study of the Aeromonas hydrophila-Aeromonas punctata group. J. Gen. Microbiol. 94:11–22
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Roberts N. C., Seidler R. J. 1984 Methods for monitoring vibrios in the environment. 269–275 Colwell R. R.ed Vibrios in the environment John Wiley & Sons, Inc; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Sakazaki R., Balows A. 1981 The genera Vibrio, Plesiomonas, and Aeromonas,. 1271–1301 Starr M. P., Stolp H., Truper H. G., Balows A., Schlegel H. G.ed The prokaryotes: a handbook on habitats, isolation, and identification of bacteria Springer-Verlag KG; Berlin:
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Shandera W. X., Johnston J. M., Davis B. R., Blake P. A. 1983; Disease from infection with Vibrio mimicus, a newly recognized Vibrio species: clinical characteristics and epidemiology. Ann. Intern. Med. 99:169–171
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Shewan J. M., Veron M. 1974 Genus I. Vibrio,. 340–345 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E.ed Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th ed.. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Sindermann C. J. 1970 Principal diseases of marine fish and shellfish. 369 Academic Press, Inc.; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sneath P. H. A., Johnson R. 1972; The influence on numerical taxonomic similarities of errors in microbiological tests. J. Gen. Microbiol. 72:377–392
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Tacket C. O., Brenner F., Blake P. A. 1984; Clinical features and an epidemiological study of Vibrio vulnificus infections. J. Infect. Dis. 149:558–561
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Tacket C. O., Hickman F., Pierce C. V., Mendoza L. F. 1982; Diarrhea associated with Vibrio fluvialis in the United States. J. Clin. Microbiol. 16:991–992
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Tassin M. G., Siebeling R. J., Roberts N. C., Larson A. D. 1983; Presumptive identification of Vibrio species with H antiserum. J. Clin. Microbiol. 18:400–407
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Tison D. L., Seidler R. J. 1983; Vibrio aestuarianus: a new species from estuarine waters and shellfish. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:699–702
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Wachsmuth I. K., Morris G. K., Feeley J. C. 1980 Chapter 18, Vibrio,. 226–234 Lennette E. H., Balows A., Hausler W. J. Jr., Truant J. P.ed Manual of clinical microbiology, 3rd ed.. American Society for Microbiology; Washington, D.C:
    [Google Scholar]
  45. West P. A., Brayton P. R., Twilley R. R., Bryant T. N., Colwell R. R. 1985; Numerical taxonomy of nitrogen-fixing “decarboxylase-negative” Vibrio species isolated from aquatic environments. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:198–205
    [Google Scholar]
  46. West P. A., Colwell R. R. 1984 Identification and classification of Vibrionaceae–an overview. 285–363 Colwell R. R.ed Vibrios in the environment John Wiley & Sons; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  47. West P. A., Lee J. V., Bryant T. N. 1983; Numerical taxonomy of strains of Vibrio species isolated from water and birds in Kent, England. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 55:263–282
    [Google Scholar]
  48. West P. A., Okpokwasili G. C., Brayton P. R., Grimes D. J., Colwell R. R. 1984; Numerical taxonomy of phenanthrenedegrading bacteria isolated from the Chesapeake Bay. App. Environ. Microbiol. 48:988–993
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Xu H.-S., Roberts N. C., Adams L. B., West P. A., Siebeling R. J., Huq A., Huq M. I., Rahman R., Colwell R.R. 1984; An indirect fluorescent antibody staining procedure for detection of Vibrio cholerae serovar 01 cells in aquatic environmental samples. J. Microbiol. Methods 2:221–231
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-4-531
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-4-531
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error