1887

Abstract

was one of several carbohydrate-utilizing, denitrifying, extremely halophilic bacteria isolated by anaerobic enrichment in the presence of nitrate. Anaerobic growth took place only when nitrate (or nitrite) was present and was accompanied by the production of dinitrogen. In the presence of high concentrations of nitrate (i.e., 0.5%), nitrous oxide and nitrite were also detected. When grown aerobically in a mineral-salts medium containing 0.005% yeast extract, utilized a variety of carbohydrates as sources of carbon and energy. In every case, carbohydrate utilization was accompanied by acid production. A type culture has been deposited with the American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Md. (ATCC 35960).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-1-66
1986-01-01
2022-05-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/36/1/ijsem-36-1-66.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-1-66&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Balderston W. L., Sherr B., Payne W. J. 1976; Blockage by acetylene of nitrous oxide reduction in Pseudomonas perfectomarinus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 31:504–508
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baxter R. M. 1960; Carotenoid pigments of halophilic bacteria. Can. J. Microbiol. 6:417–423
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Collins M. D., Ross H. N. M., Tindall B. J., Grant W. D. 1981; Distribution of isoprenoid quinones in halophilic bacteria. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 50:559–565
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Colwell R. R., Litchfield C. D., Vreeland R. H., Kiefer L. A., Gibbons N. E. 1979; Taxonomic studies of red halophilic bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 29:379–399
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Elazari-Volcani B. 1957 Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Smith N. R.ed Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 7th ed.207–212 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Forterre C., Elie C., Kohiyama M. 1984; Aphidicolin inhibits growth and DNA synthesis in halobacterial archaebacteria. J. Bacteriol. 159:800–802
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Ginzburg M. 1978 Ion metabolism in whole cells of Halobacterium halobium and H. marismortui. 561–577 Caplan S. R., Ginzburg M.ed Energetics and structure of halophilic microorganisms Elsevier; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ginzburg M., Sachs L., Ginzburg B. Z. 1970; Ion metabolism in a Halobacterium. I. Influence of age of culture on intracellular concentrations. J. Gen. Physiol. 55:187–207
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gonzalez C., Gutierrez C., Ramirez C. 1978; Halobacterium vallismortis sp. nov. An amylolytic and carbohydrate-metabolizing extremely halophilic bacterium. Can. J. Microbiol. 24:710–715
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hartmann R., Sickinger H.-D., Oesterhelt D. 1980; Anaerobic growth of halobacteria. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:3821–3825
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hochstein L. I., Betlach M., Kritikos G. 1984; The effect of oxygen on denitrification during steady-state growth of Paracoccus halodenitrificans. Arch. Microbiol. 137:74–78
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hochstein L. L, Tomlinson G. A. 1984; The growth of Paracoccus halodenitrificans in a defined medium. Can. J. Microbiol. 30:837–840
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hochstein L. I., Tomlinson G. A. 1985; Denitrification by extremely halophilic bacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 27:329–331
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Javor B., Requadt C., Stoeckenius W. 1982; Box shaped halophilic bacteria. J. Bacteriol. 151:1532–1542
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Javor B. J. 1984; Growth potential of halophilic bacteria isolated from solar salt environments: carbon sources and salt requirements. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 48:352–360
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Larsen H. 1984 Family V. Halobacteriaceae Gibbons 1974, 269. 261–267 Krieg N. R.ed Bergy’s manual of systematic bacteriology I The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Mullakhanbhai M. F., Larsen H. 1975; Halobacterium volcanii spec, nov., a Dead Sea halobacterium with a moderate salt requirement. Arch. Microbiol. 104:207–214
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Nicholson D. E., Fox G. E. 1983; Molecular evidence for a close phylogenetic relationship among box-shaped halophilic bacteria, Halobacterium vallismortis, and Halobacterium marismortui. Can. J. Microbiol. 29:52–59
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Oren A. 1983; Halobacterium sodomense, sp. nov., a Dead Sea halobacterium with an extremely high magnesium requirement. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:381–386
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Rodriguez-Valera F., Juez G., Kushner D. J. 1983; Halobacterium mediterranei spec, nov., a new carbohydrate utilizing extreme halophile. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 4:369–381
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rodriguez-Valera F., Ruiz-Berraquero F., Ramos-Cormenzana A. 1980; Isolation of extremely halophilic bacteria able to grow in defined inorganic media with single carbon sources. J. Gen. Microbiol. 119:535–538
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ross H. N. M., Collins M. D., Tindall B. J., Grant W. D. 1981; A rapid procedure for the detection of archaebacterial lipids in halophilic bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 123:75–80
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Ross H. N. M., Grant W. D. 1985; Nucleic acid studies on halophilic archaebacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 131:165–173
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Sadler M., McAninch M., Alico R., Hochstein L. I. 1980; The intracellular Na+ and K+ composition of the moderately halophilic bacterium, Paracoccus halodenitrificans. Can. J. Microbiol. 26:496–502
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Schinzel R., Burger K. J. 1984; Sensitivity of halobacteria to aphidicolin, an inhibitor of eukaryotic a-type DNA polymerase. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 25:187–190
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Showe M. K., DeMoss J. A. 1968; Localization and regulation of synthesis of nitrate reductase in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 95:1305–1313
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Smibert R. M., Krieg N. R. 1981 General characterization. 1984. 407–443 Gerhardt P.ed Manual of methods for general microbiology American Society for Microbiology; Washington, D.C:
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Soliman G. S. H., Trüper H. G. 1982; Halobacterium pharaonis sp. nov., a new extremely haloalkaliphilic archaebacterium with a low magnesium requirement. Z. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Grig. Reihe C 3:318–329
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Spadari S., Sala S., Pedrali-Noy G. 1982; Aphidicolin: a specific inhibitor of nuclear DNA replication in eukaryotes. Trends Biochem. Sci. 7:29–32
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Tindall B. J., Mills A. A., Grant W. D. 1980; An alkalophilic red halophilic bacterium with a low magnesium requirement from a Kenya soda lake. J. Gen. Microbiol. 116:257–260
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Tomlinson G. A., Hochstein L. I. 1972; Studies on acid production during carbohydrate metabolism by extremely halophilic bacteria. Can. J. Microbiol. 18:1973–1976
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Werber M. M., Mevarech M. 1978; Induction of a dissimilatory reduction pathway of nitrate in halobacterium of the Dead Sea. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 186:60–65
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Yoshinari T., Knowles R. 1976; Acetylene inhibition of nitrous oxide reduction by denitrifying bacteria. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 69:705–710
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-1-66
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-36-1-66
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error