1887

Abstract

The name sp. nov. is proposed for a group of 17 bacterial strains that were isolated from diseased rainbow trout (), cutthroat trout (), and chinook salmon (). This bacterium was found most frequently in infected fish which had suffered some form of stress, such as that which occurs at spawning. Occasionally, pathological signs in the internal organs or skin were observed. Phenotypically, belongs to the family and can be distinguished from other species of by its morphology and physiological characteristics. -Lactic acid was produced homofermentatively from glucose. Diaminopimelic acid was present in the cell wall peptidoglycan. The 17 isolates were closely related genetically, as demonstrated by similar percent guanine-plus-cytosine contents (35 mol%) and high deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation values, both characteristics of a single species. The isolates exhibited less than 10% deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation with other reference strains with similar guanine-plus-cytosine contents. Strain B270 (= ATCC 35586), which was isolated in 1970 from diseased cutthroat brood trout at Bandon Hatchery in Oregon, is designated the type strain of this new species of .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-34-4-393
1984-10-01
2022-05-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/34/4/ijs-34-4-393.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-34-4-393&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barker S. B., Summerson W. H. 1941; The colorimetric determination of lactic acid in biological material. J. Biol. Chem. 138:535–554
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Biocca E., Sepilli A. 1947; Human infections caused by lactobacilli. J. Infect. Dis. 81:112–115
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bradley S. G. 1980; DNA reassociation and base composition. 11–26 Goodfellow M., Board R. G. Microbiological classification and identification Academic Press, Inc.; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. (ed.). 1974; Family I. Lactobacillaceae Winslow, Broadhurst, Buchanan, Krumweide, Rogers, and Smith 1971. 576–592 In Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Carr J. G., Davis P. A., Dettaglio F., Vescovo M., Williams R. D. 1977; The relationship between Lactobacillus mali from cider and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis from wine. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 42:219–228
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cato E. P., Moore W. E. C. 1973; Determination of the optical rotation of lactic acid. 112 In Anaerobe laboratory manual, 2. Virginia Polytechnic and State University; Blacksburg:
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cato E. P., Moore W. E. C., Johnson J. L. 1983; Synonymy of strains of “Lactobacillus acidophilus” group A2 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:426–428
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cone D. K. 1982; A Lactobacillus sp. from diseased female rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson, in Newfoundland, Can. J. Fish Dis. 5:479–485
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Deibel R. H., Seeley H. W. Jr 1974; Family II. Streptococcaceae fam. nov.. 490–517 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams and Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Deibel R. H., Seeley H. W. Jr 1974; Genus I. Streptococcus Rosenbach 1884. 490–509 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  11. DeLey J. 1969; Compositional nucleotide distribution and the theoretical prediction of homology in bacterial DNA. J. Theor. Biol. 22:89–116
    [Google Scholar]
  12. DeMan J. C., Rogosa M., Sharpe M. E. 1960; A medium for the cultivation of lactobacilli. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 23:130–135
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Evans J. B. 1974; Genus IV. Aerococcus Williams, Hirsch, and Cowan 1953. 515–516 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Evelyn T. P. T., McDermott L. A. 1961; Bacteriological studies of fresh water fish. Can. J. Microbiol. 7:375–382
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ford J. E., Perry K. D., Briggs C. A. E. 1958; Nutrition of lactic acid bacteria isolated from the rumen. J. Gen. Microbiol. 18:273–284
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Garvie E. I. 1974; Genus II. Leuconostoc van Tieghem 1878. 510–513 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams and Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Garvie E. I. 1976; Hybridization between the deoxyribonucleic acids of some strains of heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26:116–122
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gibson T. 1974; Genus Caryophanon Peshkoff 1939. 598 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Holzapfel W. H., Van Wyk E. P. 1982; Lactobacillus kandleri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Betabacterium, with glycine in the peptidoglycan. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 3:495–502
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Howitt B., Van Meter M. 1930; Lesions produced in rabbits by Lactobacillus cultures. J. Infect. Dis. 46:368–383
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Johnson J. L. 1973; Use of nucleic acid homologies in the taxonomy of anaerobic bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 23:308–315
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Johnson J. L. 1981; Genetic characterization. 450–472 Gerhardt P. Manual of methods for general bacteriology American Society for Microbiology; Washington, D.C.:
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Johnson J. L., Phelps C. F., Cummins C. S., London J., Gasser F. 1980; Taxonomy of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 30:53–68
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Jones D., Sneath P. H. A. 1970; Genetic transfer and bacterial taxonomy. Bacteriol. Rev. 34:40–81
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kilpper-Bälz R., Fischer G., Schleifer K. H. 1982; Nucleic acid hybridization of group N and group D streptococci. Curr. Microbiol. 7:245–250
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kitahara K. 1974; Genus III. Pediococcus Balcke 1884. 513–515 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Latorre-Guzman B. A., Cado C. I., Kunkee R. E. 1977; Lactobacillus hordniae a new species from the leafhopper (Hordnia circellata). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 27:362–370
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lauer E., Kandler O. 1980; Lactobacillus gasseri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Thermobacterium . Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 1:75–78
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mandel M., Igambi L., Bergendahl J., Dodson M. L. Jr, Scheltgen E. 1970; Correlation of melting temperature and cesium chloride buoyant density of bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid. J. Bacteriol. 101:333–338
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mattsson S. 1965; The determination of the configuration of lactic acid in bacterial cultures. Milk Dairy Res. 71:5–15
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Miller A. III, Morgan M. E., Libbey L. M. 1974; Lactobacillus maltaromicus, a new species producing a malty aroma. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24:346–354
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Nonomura H. 1983; Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33:406–407
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Okada S., Suzuki Y., Kozaki M. 1979; A new heterofer-mentative Lactobacillus species with meso-diaminopimelic acid in peptidoglycan, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 25:215–221
    [Google Scholar]
  34. O’Leary P. J., Rohovec J. S., Fryer J. L. 1979; A further characterization of Yersinia ruckeri (enteric redmouth bacterium). Fish Pathol. 14:71–78
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Park J. T., Hancock R. 1960; A fractionation procedure for studies of the synthesis of cell-wall mucopeptide and of other polymers in cells of Staphylococcus aureus . J. Gen. Microbiol. 22:249–258
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Reyn A. 1974; Genus IV. Gemella Berger 1960. 516–517 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Rogosa M. 1970; Characters useful in the classification of lactobacilli. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 20:519–533
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Rogosa M. 1974; Genus I. Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901. 576–593 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Rogosa M., Franklin J. G., Perry K. D. 1961; Correlation of the vitamin requirements with cultural and biochemical characters of Lactobacillus spp. J. Gen. Microbiol. 25:473–482
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Ross A. J., Toth R. J. 1974; Lactobacillus—a. new fish pathogen? Prog. Fish Cult. 36:191
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Rucker R. R., Earp B. J., Ordal E. J. 1953; Infectious diseases of Pacific salmon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 83:297–312
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Schleifer K. H., Kandler O. 1972; Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications. Bacteriol. Rev. 36:407–477
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Schrøder K., Clausen E., Sandberg A., Raa J. 1980; Psychrotrophic Lactobacillus plantarum from fish and its ability to produce antibiotic substances. 480–483 Connell J. J. Advances in fish science and technology Fishing News Books Ltd.; Farnham, Surrey, England:
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Seeliger H. P. R. 1974; Genus Erysipelothrix Rosenbach 1909. 597 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Seeliger H. P. R., Welshimer H. J. 1974; Genus Listeria Pirie 1940. 593–596 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Seidler R. J., Mandel M. 1971; Quantitative aspects of deoxyribonucleic acid renaturation: base composition, state of chromosome replication, and polynucleotide homologies. J. Bacteriol. 106:608–614
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Sharpe M. E. 1979; Identification of the lactic acid bacteria. 233–259 Skinner F. A., Lovelock D. W. Identification methods for microbiologists Academic Press, Inc.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Sharpe M. E., Latham M. J., Garvie E. I., Zirngibl J., Kandler O. 1973; Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol. 77:37–49
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Sigma Chemical Co. 1982 Sigma technical bulletin 510 Sigma Chemical Co.; St. Louis, Mo.:
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Sims W. 1964; A pathogenic Lactobacillus . J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 87:99–105
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Sneath P. H. A., Jones D. 1976; Brochothrix a new genus tentatively placed in the family Lactobacillaceae . Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26:102–104
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Stuart S. E., Welshimer H. J. 1974; Taxonomic reexamination of Listeria Pirie and transfer of Listeria grayi and Listeria murrayi to a new genus, Murraya . Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24:177–185
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Weiss N., Schillinger U., Laternser M., Kandler O. 1981; Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli isolated from sewage. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 2:242–253
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-34-4-393
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-34-4-393
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error