The genotypic and phenotypic properties of six strains that were isolated during two unrelated incidents of a bacterial disease of bivalve mollusk larvae were compared with phenotypically similar species. The strains of this bivalve mollusk larval pathogen are distinct from other spp. phenotypically and as determined by deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization and are described here as sp. nov. The base composition of the overall deoxyribonucleic acid is 43 to 45 mol% guanine plus cytosine. All strains of degrade xanthine and tyrosine extracellularly. Strain ATCC 19109 is designated the type strain of .


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