1887

Abstract

The known extant plant pathogenic species were analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of their cellular proteins. The patterns of the protein bands of 13 species and a new corynebacterial wheat pathogen showed seven distinct groups. Five of these groups consisted of only one species each, one group contained four species, and the last group contained the new wheat pathogen and the remaining four species. The pathogens that could not be distinguished by the polyacrylamide gel analysis differed in phenotypic characteristics, including pathogenic specificity. Thus, for these bacteria we propose recognition of the following taxa: (Tilford) Dowson, (Mandel et al.), (ex Hutchinson) nom. rev., (ex Scharif) nom. rev., (Smith) Dowson, subsp. (Hedges) Dowson, subsp. (Starr and Pirone) comb. nov., subsp. (Keyworth et al.) comb. nov., subsp. (Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus) comb. nov., subsp. (Smith) Jensen, subsp. (Schuster et al.) comb. nov., subsp. (McCulloch) comb. nov., subsp. (Spieckermann and Kotthoff), comb. nov., and subsp. . nov., the type strain of which is strain 78181 (= ATCC 33566 = PDDCC7221).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-32-3-315
1982-07-01
2022-05-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/32/3/ijs-32-3-315.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-32-3-315&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ames G. F.-L. 1974; Resolution of bacterial proteins by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis on slabs. J. Biol. Chem 249:634–644
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bergey D. H., Harrison F. C., Breed R. S., Hammer B. W., Huntoon F. M. 1923 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 1. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bousfield I. J. 1972; A taxonomic study of some coryne-form bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol 71:441–455
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E. (ed.). 1974 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Burkholder W. H. 1948; Genus I. Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann. 381–408 Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Hitchens A. P. Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 6. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Carlson R. R., Vidaver A. K. 1982; Bacterial mosaic, a new corynebacterial disease of wheat. Plant Dis 6676–79
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Clark F. E. 1952; The generic classification of the soil corynebacteria. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomencl. Taxon 2:45–56
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cohn F. 1872; Untersuchungen iiber Bakterien. Beitr. Biol. Pflanz 1:127–224
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1979; Isoprenoid quinones in the classification of coryneform and related bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol 110:127–136
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Collins M. D., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1980; Fatty acid, isoprenoid quinone and polar lipid composition in the classification of Curtobavterium and related taxa. J. Gen. Microbiol 118:29–37
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Collins M. D., Jones D. 1980; Lipids in the classification and identification of coryneform bacteria containing peptidoglycans based on 2,4-diaminobutyric acid. J. Appl. Bacteriol 48:459–470
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Conn H. J., Dimick I. 1947; Soil bacteria similar in morphology to Mvcobacterium and Corynebacterium . J. Bacteriol 54:291–303
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Da Silva G. A. N., Holt J. G. 1965; Numerical taxonomy of certain coryneform bacteria. J. Bacteriol 90:921–927
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Dowson W. J. 1942; On the generic name of the gram-positive bacterial plant pathogens. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc 25:311–314
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Dye D. W., Kemp W. J. 1977; A taxonomic study of plant pathogenic Corynebacterium species. N. Z. J. Agric. Res 20:563–582
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gross D. C., Devay J. E. 1977; Population dynamics and pathogenesis of Pseudomonas syringae in maize and cowpea in relation to in vitro production of syringomycin. Phytopathology 67:475–483
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Gross D. C., Vidaver A. K. 1979; A selective medium for isolation of Corynebacterium nebraskense from soil and plant parts. Phytopathology 69:82–87
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gross D. C., Vidaver A. K. 1979; Bacteriocins of phytopathogenic Corynebacterium species. Can. J. Microbiol 25:367–374
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Gross D. C., Vidaver A. K., Keralis M. B. 1979; Indigenous plasmids from phytopathogenic Corynebacterium species. J. Gen. Microbiol 115:479–489
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hedges F. 1922; A bacterial wilt of the bean caused by Bacterium flaccumfaciens nov. sp. Science 55:433–434
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hutchinson C. M. 1917; A bacterial disease of wheat in the Punjab. Mem. Dep. Agric. India Bacteriol. Ser 1:169–175
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Jensen H. L. 1934; Studies on saprophytic mycobacteria and corynebacteria. Proc. Linnean Soc. N. S .W 59:19–61
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jones D. 1975; A numerical taxonomy study of coryneform and related bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol 87:52–96
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Keddie R. M. 1978; What do we mean by coryneform bacteria?. 1–12 Bousfield I. J., Calley A. G. Coryneform bacteria Academic Press, Inc.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Keddie R. M., Cure G. L. 1978; Cell wall composition of coryneform bacteria. 47–83 Bousfield I. J., Calley A. G. Coryneform bacteria Academic Press, Inc.; London:
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kelman A. 1954; The relationship of pathogenicity in Pseudomonas solanacearum to colony appearance on a tetrazolium medium. Phytopathology 44:693–695
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kersters K., De Ley J. 1975; Identification and grouping of bacteria by numerical analysis of their electro-phoretic protein patterns. J. Gen. Microbiol 87:333–342
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Keyworth W. G., Howell J. S., Dowson W. J. 1956; Corynebacterium betae (sp. nov.) the causal organism of silvering disease of red beet. Plant Pathol 5:88–90
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kruse W. 1896; Systematik der Streptothricheen und Bakterien. 185–526 Flügge C. Die Mikroorganismen, 3. 2 F. C. W. Vogel; Leipzig:
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Laemmli U. K. 1970; Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4. Nature (London) 227:680–685
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lapage S. P., Sneath P. H. A., Lessel E. F., Skerman V. B. D., Seeliger H. P. R., Clark W. A. (ed.). 1975; International code of nomenclature of bacteria. 1975 revision American Society for Microbiology; Washington, D.C:
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Larsen S. A., Bickham S. T., Buchanan T. M., Jones W. L. 1971; Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of Corynebacterium diphtheriae: a possible epidemiological aid. Appl. Microbiol 22:885–890
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Lehmann K. B., Neumann R. O. 1896 Atlas and Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1. J. F. Lehmann; München:
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Masuo E., Nakagawa T. 1969; Numerical classification of bacteria. II. Computer analysis of coryneform bacteria. (2) Comparison of group formations obtained on two different methods of scoring data. Agric. Biol. Chem 33:1124–1133
    [Google Scholar]
  35. McCulloch L. 1925; Aplanobacter insidiosum n. sp. the cause of an alfalfa disease. Phytopathology 15:496–497
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Nelson G. A., Semeniuk G. 1964; An antagonistic variant of Corynebacterium insidiosum and some properties of the inhibitor. Phytopathology 54:330–335
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Perkins H. R., Cummins C. S. 1964; Chemical structure of bacterial cell walls. Nature (London) 201:1105–1107
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Robinson K. 1966; An examination of Corynebacterium spp. by gel electrophoresis. J. Appl. Bacteriol 29:179–184
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Saaltink G. J., Maas Geesteranus H. P. 1969; A new disease in tulip caused by Corynebacterium oortii nov. spec. Neth. J. Plant Pathol 75:123–128
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Scharif G. 1961; Corynebacterium iranicum sp. nov. on wheat (Triticum vulgare L.) in Iran, and a comparative study of it with C. tritici and C. rathayi. Entomol. Phytopathol. Appl 19:1–24
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Schroeter J. 1872; Ueber einige durch Bakterien gebildete Pigmente. 109–126 Cohn F. (1875). Beitr. Biol. Pflanz J. U. Kern’s Verlag; Breslau:
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Schuster M. L., Hoff B., Mandel M., Lazar I. 1973; Leaf freckles and wilt, a new corn disease,. 176–191Proceedings of the 27th Annual Corn and Sorghum Research Conference American Seed Trade Association; Washington, D.C.:
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Schuster M. L., Vidaver A. K., Mandel M. 1968; A purple-pigment-producing bean wilt bacterium, Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens var. violaceum n. var. Can. J. Microbiol 14:423–427
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Skaptason J. B., Burkholder W. H. 1942; Classification and nomenclature of the pathogen causing ring rot of potatoes. Phytopathology 32:439–441
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Skerman V. B. D., McGowan V., Sneath P. H. A. (ed.). 1980; Approved lists of bacterial names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 30:225–420
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Smith E. F. 1910; A new tomato disease of economic importance. Science 31:794–796
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Smith E. F. 1913; A new type of bacterial disease. Science 38:926
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Spieckermann A., Kotthoff P. 1914; Untersuchungen über die Kartoffelpflanze und ihre Krankheiten. Landwirtsch. Jahrb 46:659–732
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Stackebrandt E., Lewis B. J., Woese C. R. 1980; The phylogenetic structure of the coryneform group of bacteria. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C 1:137–149
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Starr M. P., Mandel M., Murata N. 1975; The phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria in the light of DNA base composition and DNA-DNA segmental homology. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 21:13–26
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Starr M. P., Pirone P. P. 1942; Phytomonas poinsettiae n. sp., the cause of bacterial disease of poinsettia. Phytopathology 32:1076–1081
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Studier F. W. 1973; Analysis of bacteriophage T7 early RNAs and proteins on slab gels. J. Mol. Biol 79:237–248
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Tilford P. E. 1936; Fasciation of sweet pea caused by Phytomonas fascians n. sp. J. Agric. Res 53:383–394
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Van Etten J. L., Freer S. N. 1978; Polyadenylate-containing RNA in dormant and germinating sporangio-spores of Rhizopus stolonifer . Exp. Mycol 2:301–312
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Van Etten J. L., Freer S. N., McCune B. K. 1979; Presence of a major (storage?) protein in dormant spores of Botryodiplodia theobromae . J. Bacteriol 138:650–652
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Vidaver A. K. 1967; Synthetic and complex media for the rapid detection of fluorescence of phytopathogenic pseudomonads: effect of the carbon source. Appl. Microbiol 15:1523–1524
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Vidaver A. K., Mandel M. 1974; Corynebacterium nebraskense a new, orange-pigmented phytopathogenic species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 24:482–485
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Yamada K., Komagata K. 1972; Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 18:417–431
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Yamada Y., Inouye G., Tahara Y., Kondo K. 1976; The menaquinone system in the classification of coryneform and nocardioform bacteria and related organisms. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol 22:203–214
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Zagallo A. C., Wang C. H. 1967; Comparative carbohydrate catabolism in corynebacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol 47:347–357
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-32-3-315
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-32-3-315
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error