Eighteen obligately halophilic psychrophilic strains were isolated from Josephine Bank (North East Atlantic) sediment samples collected from different depths. These strains closely resembled those of Larkin and Stokes 1967 (syn.: Larkin and Stokes 1967). In contrast to the latter, however, the marine strains had cells which were smaller and which formed terminal or subterminal spores that did not swell the sporangium. The new strains required seawater for growth and did not produce urease. Due to these differences, the marine isolates were placed in a single taxon, subsp. subsp. nov. The type strain of this new subspecies is strain 581 (= ATCC 29841 = DSM 1297).


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