1887

Abstract

Antarctic soil samples collected by W. V. Vishniac contained (among other microbes) 98 isolates of undescribed, imperfect yeasts. These isolates clustered as 16 biotypes of greater than 90% similarity to each other but less than 90% similarity to all previously described yeast species. We propose to include all such isolates in the new species , named in honor of W. V. Vishniac. grows at 4°C and below but not at 26°C and above, is cream-colored in mass, lacks pseudomycelia, is nonfermentative, produces "amylose," assimilate (at least) glucose, maltose, melezitose, trehalose, and xylose, and uses nitrate-N. The type strain, MTSW 304Y268 (= ATCC 36649), does not grow at 21 to 22°C or above and assimilates (additionally) -arabinose, -glucuronic acid, raffinose, -rhamnose (weakly), sucrose, succinate, and citrate.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-29-2-153
1979-04-01
2022-09-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/29/2/ijs-29-2-153.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-29-2-153&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barnett J. A., Pankhurst R.J. 1974; A new key to the yeasts. North Holland Publishing Co; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Evison L. M., Rose A.H. 1965; A comparative study on the biochemical basis of the maximum temperatures for growth in three psychrophilic microorganisms. J. Gen. Microbiol 40:349–364
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Fell J. W. 1974; Distribution of yeasts in the water masses of the southern oceans. p 510–523 In Colwell R.R., Morita R.Y. ed Effect of the ocean environment on microbial activities. University Park Press; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Golubev V. I., Okunev O.N., Vdovina N.V. 1974; Assimilation of i-inositol by yeasts as a diagnostic character. Mikrobiologiya (English transl.) 43:890–893
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Goto S., Sugiyama J. 1970; Studies on Himalayan yeasts and moulds. IV. Several asporogenous yeasts including two new taxa of Cryptococcus. Can. J. Bot 48:2097–2101
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Horowitz N. H., Cameron R.E., Hubbard J.S. 1972; Microbiology of the Dry Valleys of Antarctica. Science 176:244–245
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kreger-van Rij N. J. W. 1969; Taxonomy and systematics of yeasts. p 5–78 In Rose A.H., Harrison J.S. ed The yeasts vol 1: Academic Press Inc; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Lodder J. 1970; General classification of the yeasts, p. 133. In Lodder J. ed The yeasts—a taxonomic study North Holland Publishing Co; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Phaff H. J., Fell J.W. 1970; Cryptococcus Kutzingemend. Phaff et Spencer. p 1088–1091 In Lodder J. ed The yeasts—a taxonomic study North Holland Publishing Co; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Sneath P. H. 1972; Computer taxonomy. p 29–98 In Norris J.R. et al. Methods in microbiology vol 7A: Academic Press Inc; New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Starmer W. T., Phaff H.J., Miranda M., Miller M.W. 1978; Pichia cactophila, a new species of yeast found in decaying tissue of cacti. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol 28:318–325
    [Google Scholar]
  12. van der Walt J. P. 1970; Criteria and methods used in classification. p 34–113 In Lodder J. ed The yeasts— a taxonomic study North Holland Publishing Co; Amsterdam:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. van Niel C. B. 1971; The yeasts—a taxonomic study (review). Science 172:552
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Vishniac W., Santer M. 1957; The thiobacilli. Bacteriol. Rev 21:195–213
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-29-2-153
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-29-2-153
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error