1887

Abstract

sp. nov. is described on the basis of 16 strains isolated from a number of fecal or cecal specimens from calves, chickens, and Japanese quails. The isolates are obligately anaerobic, gram-negative, nonsporeforming, nonmotile, relatively small rods with pointed ends; the cells occur singly, in pairs, and sometimes in short chains. differs from other species in the genus principally in morphology; the small spindle-shaped cells, particularly on agar media, are rather distinctive. The guanine-plus-cytosine contents of the deoxyribonucleic acids of the new strains range from 59 to 61 mol%, the highest value so far detected in the genus . The new strains are similar to those of , and in fermenting a relatively small number of carbohydrates; however, can clearly be differentiated from these organisms by numerous biochemical properties and/or fermentation products. The type strain of is Q-1 (= ATCC 29728 = NCTC 11190).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-4-478
1978-10-01
2022-01-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/28/4/ijs-28-4-478.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-4-478&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barnes E. M., Impey C. S. 1970; The isolation and properties of the predominant anaerobic bacteria in the caeca of chickens and turkeys. Br. Poult. Sci. 11:467–481
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Barnes E. M., Impey C. S. 1974; The occurrence and properties of uric acid decomposing anaerobic bacteria in the avian caecum. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 37:393–409
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Caldwell D. R., Bryant M. P. 1966; Medium without rumen fluid for nonselective enumeration and isolation of rumen bacteria. Appl. Microbiol. 14:794–800
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Holdeman L. V., Moore W. E. C.ed 1972 Anaerobe laboratory manual. Anaerobe Laboratory, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Blacksburg:
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Holdeman L. V., Moore W. E. C. 1974 Bacteroidaceae Pribram 1933. 384–418 Buchanan R. E., Gibbons N. E.ed Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th. The Williams and Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Kaneuchi C., Watanabe K., Terada A., Benno Y., Mitsuoka T. 1976; Taxonomic study of Bacteriodes clostridiiformis subsp. clostridiiformis (Burri and Ankersmit) Holdeman and Moore and related organisms: proposal of Clostridium clostridiiforme (Burri and Ankersmit) comb. nov. and Clostridium symbiosum (Stevens) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26:195–204
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kent T. H., Fischer L. J., Marr R. 1972; Glucuronidase activity in intestinal contents of rats and man and relationship to bacterial flora. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 133:303–306
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Marmur J. 1961; A procedure for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from microorganisms. J. Mol. Biol. 3:208–218
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Marmur J., Doty P. 1962; Determination of the base composition of deoxyribonucleic acid from its thermal denaturation temperature. J. Mol. Biol. 5:109–118
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Mitsuoka T., Sega T., Yamamoto S. 1965; Eine verbesserte Methodik der qualitativen und quantitativen Analyse der Darmflora von Menschen und Tieren. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1. Orig. 195:455–469
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mitsuoka T., Terada A., Watanabe K., Uchida K. 1974; Bacteroides multiacidus, a new species from the feces of humans and pigs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24:35–41
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Parker C. A. 1955; Anaerobiosis with iron wool. Aust. J. Exp. Biol. Med. Sei. 33:33–38
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-4-478
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-28-4-478
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error