A new species belonging to the genus Oerskovia Prauser et al. of the order Actionmycetales is described under the name O. xanthineolytica. It differs from O. turbata mainly in its ability to hydrolyze xanthine and hypoxanthine, in certain carbohydrate reactions, in the production of a phosphatase, and in its ability to grow at 42 C on Trypticase-soy agar. The type strain of this species is IMRU 3959 (LL G62) (=ATCC 27402). The description of the genus Oerskovia is emended to take into account the fact that members of this genus can grow anaerobically on Trypticase-soy medium with the production of catalase-negative biomasses.


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