1887

Abstract

Sixty-two strains of moraxellae and allied bacteria assembled by the Subcommittee on and Allied Bacteria of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology and distributed by the American Type Culture Collection were examined serologically by the fluorescent-antibody (FA) and quellung techniques and subjected to study using 71 biochemical tests. These strains, originally assigned to 11 different genera, were placed in two categories: and . There were 41 strains assigned to and 19 to . Two strains were eliminated from the study. One strain belonged to neither of these genera; the other was eliminated on the basis of colonial and biochemical variability. Sixty per cent of the carbohydrate-oxidizing strains of were typable by FA and quellung reaction in conjugates and sera prepared from oxidizing strains. The capsular antigens of the oxidizers (formerly called ) are distinctly different from those of the nonoxidizers (formerly called ). A small percentage of the nonoxidizing cultures exhibited cross-reactions with antibodies for the oxidizers. None of the moraxellae were typable with conjugates or antisera for the oxidizing acinetobacters. The results of these studies were correlated with those of other workers. In general, the classification of the bacteria discussed in this report was quite reliable when based on the use of seven selected phenotypic characteristics. This fact has practical diagnostic importance. The true relationships and taxonomic placements of the moraxellae and allied bacteria are dependent upon the development and employment of systems for genetic analysis. On the basis of studies reviewed in this paper, most workers would now agree upon the separation of the oxidase-positive and oxidase-negative organisms with assignment of the former to the genus Lwoff and of the latter to the genus Brisou and Prévot.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-22-1-19
1972-01-01
2022-01-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/22/1/ijs-22-1-19.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-22-1-19&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Aiken M. A., Ward M. K., King E. O. 1956; A study of a group of Gram-negative bacteria resembling the tribe Mimeae (DeBord). Public Health Lab 14:126–136
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Audureau A. 1940; Etude de genre Moraxella. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 64:126–166
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baumann P., Doudoroff M., Stanier R. Y. 1968; Study of the Moraxella group. I. Genus Moraxella and the Neisseria catarrhalis group. J. Bacteriol. 95:58–73
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baumann P., Doudoroff M., Stanier R. Y. 1968; Study of the Moraxella group. II. Oxidase negative species (genus Acinetobacter). J. Bacteriol 95:1520–1541
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Billing Eve. 1955; Studies on a soap tolerant organism: a new variety of Bacterium anitratum. J. Gen. Microbiol. 13:252–260
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bövre K. 1964; Studies on transformation in Moraxella and organisms assumed to be related to Moraxella. I. A method for quantitative transformation in Moraxella and Neisseria, with streptomycin resistance as a genetic marker. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand 61:457–473
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bövre K. 1967; Studies in transformation in Moraxella and organisms assumed to be related to Moraxella. 7. Affinities between oxidase positive rods and neisseriae, as compared with group interactions on both sides. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand 69:92–108
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bövre K. 1967; Studies on transformation in Moraxella and organisms assumed to be related to Moraxella. VIII. The relative position of some oxidase negative, immotile diplobacilli (Achromobacter) in the transformation system. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. 69:109–122
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Bövre K., Fiandt M., Szybalski W. 1969; DNA base composition of Neisseria, Moraxella, and Acinetobacter, as determined by measurements of buoyant density in CsCl gradient. Can. J. Microbiol. 15:335–338
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bövre K., Henriksen S. D. 1967; A new Moraxella species, Moraxella osloensis, and a revised description of Moraxella nonliquefacie ns. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 17:127–135
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Hitchens A. P. 1948 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology. , 6th. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Smith N. R. 1957 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology. , 7th. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Brisou J. 1957; Contribution a l’étude de la systématique des Pseudomonadaceae. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 93:397–404
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Brisou J., Morichau-Beauchant J. 1952; Identité biochemique entre certaines souches de B. anitratum et M. Iwoffi. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 82:640–643
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Brisou J., Prévot A. R. 1954; Etude de systématique bacterienne. X. Révision des éspeces réunie dans le genre Achromobacter. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 86:722–728
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Brodie J., Henderson A. 1964; Further observations on Mima polymorpha and Achromobacter (Bacterium) anitratum. J. Clin. Pathol. 17:513–516
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Buchanan R. E., Holt J. G., Lessel E. F. Jr. 1966 Index Bergeyana. The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Catlin B. W., Cunningham L. S. 1964; Transforming activities and base composition of deoxyribonucleates from strains of Moraxella and Mima. J. Gen. Microbiol. 37:353–367
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Catlin B. W. 1964; Reciprocal genetic transformation between Neisseria catarrhalis and Moraxella nonliquefaciens. J. Gen. Microbiol. 37:369–379
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Cowan S. T. 1938; Unusual infections following cerebral operations. With a description of Diplococcus musosus (von Lingelsheim). Lancet 2:1052–1054
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Daly A. K., Postic B., Kass E. H. 1962; Infections due to organisms of the genus Herellea. Arch. Int. Med. 110:580–591
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Davis D. J., Pittman M. 1950; Acute conjunctivitis caused by Hemophilus. Amer. J. Dis. Child. 79:211–219
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Deacon W. E. 1945; A note on the tribe Mimeae (DeBord). J. Bacteriol. 49:511–512
    [Google Scholar]
  24. DeBord G. G. 1939; Organisms invalidating the diagnosis of gonorrhea by the smear method. J. Bacteriol. 38:119–120
    [Google Scholar]
  25. DeBord G. G. 1942; Descriptions of Mimeae Trib. Nov. with three genera and three species and two new species of Neisseria from conjunctivitis and vaginitis. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 16:471–480
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Editorial Secretary (for the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology) 1971; Opinion 40. Rejection of the names Mima DeBord and Herellea DeBord and of the specific epithets polymorpha and vaginicola in Mima polymorpha DeBord and Herellea vaginicola DeBord, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 21:105–106
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Ewing W. H. 1949; The relationship of Bacterium anitratum and members of the tribe Mimeae (DeBord). J. Bacteriol. 57:659
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Ferguson W. W., Roberts L. F. 1950; A bacteriological and serological study of organism B5W (Bacterium anitratum). J. Bacteriol. 59:171–183
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Henderson A. 1965; The Moraxella Iwoffi group of bacteria, a review. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol 31:395–413
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Henderson A. 1967; The saccharolytic activity of Acinetobacter Iwoffi and A. anitratus. J. Gen. Microbiol. 49:487–489
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Henriksen S. D. 1960; Moraxella. Some problems of taxonomy and nomenclature. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 10:23–28
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Henriksen S. D. 1963; Mimeae. The standing in nomenclature of the names of this tribus and of its genera and species. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 13:51–57
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Henriksen S. D., Bövre K. 1968; The taxonomy of the genera Moraxella and Neisseria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 51:387–392
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Hugh R., Reese R. 1967; Designation of the type strain for Bacterium anitratum. Schaub and Hauber 1948. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 17:245–254
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Hugh R., Reese R. 1968; A comparison of 120 strains of Bacterium anitratum Schaub and Hauber with the type strain of this species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 18:207–229
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Johnson J. L., Anderson R. S., Ordal E. J. 1970; Nucleic acid homologies among oxidasenegative Moraxella species. J. Bacteriol. 101:568–573
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Juni E., Janik A. 1969; Transformation of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (Bacterium anitratum). J. Bacteriol. 98:281–288
    [Google Scholar]
  38. King E. O. 1964 The identification of unusual pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. (Revised 1967). Syllabus available from the USPHS Center for Disease Control; Atlanta:
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Lautrop H. 1961; Bacterium anitratum transferred to the genus Cytophaga. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 11:107–108
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Lautrop H. 1963; Report on the organization of an ad hoc committee to study the nomenclature and classification of “Bacterium anitratum, the Moraxellae, the Mimeae, and allied organisms.”. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 13:125–126
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Lautrop H. 1965 Publications de la Faculté des sciences de L’Université. J. E. Purkyne; Brno, Czechoslovakia: Series K 35 327
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Lemoigne M., Girard H., Jacobelli G. 1952; Bactérie du sol utilisant facilement le 2-3 butanediol. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 82:389–398
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Lessel E. F., Lautrop H. 1967; Report to the international committee on nomenclature of bacteria by the subcommittee on Moraxella and allied bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 17:89–91
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Lingelsheim W. von. 1906; Die BakteriologischenArbeiten der Kgl. Hygienischen Station zu Beuthen O. Schl, während der Genickstarreepidemie in Ober Schliesien im Winter 1904-1905. Klin. Jahrb. 15:373–488
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Lwoff A. 1939; Revision et de membrement des Hemophilae le genre Moraxella nov. gen. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 62:168–176
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Mannheim W., Stenzel W. 1962; Zur Systematik der obligat aeroben gram-negativen Diplobakterien des Menschen. Zentralb. Bakteriol. Parasitenk. Infektionskr Hyg. Abt. Orig. 186:55–83
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Marcus B. B., Samuels S. B., Pittman B., Cherry W. B. 1969; A serologic study of Herellea vaginicola and its identification by immunofluorescent staining. Amer. J. Clin. Pathol. 52:309–319
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Mitchell P. D., Burrell R. G. 1964; Serology of the Mima-Herellea group and the genus Moraxella. J. Bacteriol. 87:900–909
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Murray R. G. E., Truant J. P. 1954; The morphology, cell structure, and taxonomic affinities of the Moraxella. J. Bacteriol 67:13–22
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Piéchaud M. 1961; Le groupe Moraxella. A propos des B5W-Bacterium anitratum. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 100:74–85
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Piéchaud D., Piéchaud M., Second L. 1951; Etude 26 souches de Moraxella Iwoffi. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 80:97–99
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Piéchaud D., Piéchaud M., Second L. 1956; Varities protéolytiques de Moraxella Iwoffi et de Moraxella glucidolytica (Bacterium anitratum). Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 90:517–522
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Pintér M., Bende I. 1967; Computer analysis of Acinetobacter Iwoffii (Moraxella Iwoffii) and Acinetobacter anitratus (Moraxella glucidolytica) strains. J. Gen. Microbiol. 46:267–272
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Pintér M., De Ley J. 1969; Overall similarity and DNA base composition of some Acinetobacter strains. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol Serol. 35:209–214
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Robinson R. G., Garrison R. G., Brown R. W. 1964; Evaluation of the clinical significance of the genus Herellea. Ann. Int. Med. 60:19–27
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Ryan W. J. 1964; Moraxella commonly present on the conjuctiva of guinea pigs. J. Gen. Microbiol 35:361–372
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Samuels S. B., Pittman B., Cherry W. B. 1969; Practical physiological schema for the identification of Herellea vaginicola and its differentiation from similar organisms. Appl. Microbiol 18:1015–1024
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Scarlett M. 1916; Infections cornéennes à diplobacilles. Note sur deux diplobacilles non encore décrits (Bacillus duplex nonliquefaciens et Bacillus duplex josefi). Ann. Ocul. 153:100–110
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Schaub I. G., Hauber D. 1948; A biochemical and serological study of a group of identical unidentifiable gram-negative bacilli from human sources. J. Bacteriol. 56:379–385
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Schuldberg I. J. 1953; Clinical and pathogenic simulation of meningococcic meningitis. Amer. J. Clin. Pathol 23:1024–1027
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Seeliger H. P. R. 1953; Zur Systematik des Bacterium anitratum (Schaub and Hauber). Zentr. Bakteriol. I Abt. Orig. 159:173–176
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Seeliger H. P. R., Schubert R. H. W., Schlieber E. 1968; Transfer of bacterium antitratum (Schaub and Hauber, 1948) to the genus LingeIsheimia gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 18:21–32
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Skerman V. B. D. 1959 A guide to the identification of the genera of bacteria. 33133–134 The Williams & Wilkins Co.; Baltimore:
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Steel K. J., Cowan S. J. 1964; Le rattachement de Bacterium anitratum, Moraxella Iwoffi, Bacillus mallei, et Haemophilus parapertussis all genre Acinetobacter Brisou et Prévot. Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 106:479–483
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Stenzel W., Mannheim W. 1963; On the classification and nomenclature of some nonmotile and coccoid diplobacteria exhibiting the properties of Achromobacteriaceae. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomenci. Taxon. 13:195–200
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Stuart C. A., Formal S., McGann V. 1949; Further studies on B5W, an anaerogenic group in the Enterobacteriaceae. J. Infect. Dis. 84:235–239
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Tatum H. W. 1970 Miscellaneous gram-negative bacteria. 191–198 Blair Lennette. Truanted Manual of clinical microbiology American Society for Microbiology; Bethesda, Md:
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Thornley M. J. 1967; A taxonomic study of Acinetobacter and related genera. J. Gen. Microbiol. 49:211–257
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-22-1-19
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-22-1-19
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error