1887

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Review of the literature on the lipopolysaccharide of leads us to the following conclusions: (1) The structure of the peripheral portion, i. e. “O side chains,” varies extensively within each “genus.” (2) Although the structure of the central portion, i. e. “R core,” tends to be rather similar within each “genus,” there are cases of two strains which synthesize the same O side chains and, at the same time, different R cores.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-20-4-383
1970-10-01
2022-12-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/20/4/ijs-20-4-383.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-20-4-383&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Adams G. A., Quadling, C., Yaguchi M., Tornabene T. 1970; The chemical composition of cell-wall lipopolysaccharides from Moraxella duplex and Micrococcus calco-aceticus.. Canad. J. Microbiol. 16:1
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Adams G. A., Tornabene T. G., Yaguchi M. 1969; Cell-wall lipopolysaccharides from Neisseria catarrhalis.. Canad. J. Microbiol. 15:364
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beckman I., Lüderitz O., Westphal. O. 1964; Zur Immunchemie der somatischen Antigene von Enterobacteriaceae. IX. Serologische Typisierung von Salmonella-R-Antigenen. . Biochem. Z. 339:401–415
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brenner D. J., Fanning, G. R., Johnson, K. E., Citarella R. V., Falkow S. 1969; Polynucleotide sequence relationships among members of Enterobacteriaceae.. J. Bacteriol. 98:637–650
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Cho K. Y., Salton M. R. J. 1966; Fatty acid composition of bacterial membrane and wall lipids.. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 116:73–79
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Dröge W., Lüderitz O., Westphal O. 1968; Biochemical studies on lipopolysaccharides of Salmonella R mutants. 3. The linkage of the heptose units. European. J. Biochem. 4:126–133
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Falkow S., Ryman I., Washington O. 1962; Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Proteus and Providence organisms.. J. Bact. 83:1318–1321
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Fauve M. R. 1964; Resistance cellulaire à l’infection bacterienne. II. Comportement de macrophages de souris entretenus, in vitro, dans un millieu sans sérum en presence de S. typhimurium d’inégale virulence.. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 107:472–483
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Florey H. W. 1933; Observations on the functions of mucus and the early stages of bacterial invasion of the intestinal mucosa.. J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 37:283–289
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fuller N. A., Wilkinson R. G., Heath E. C. 1969; Unique oligosaccharide isolated from cell wall lipopolysaccharide of a mutant of Escherichia coli O111: B4.. Bacteriol. Proc.47.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gerisch G., Lüderitz O., Ruschmann, E. 1967; Antikörper fórdern die Phagozytose von Bakterien dutch Amöben.. Z. Naturforsch. 11b:109.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Gmeiner J., Lüderitz O., Westphal O. 1969; Biochemical studies on lipopolysaccharides of Salmonella R mutants. 6. Investigations on the structure of the lipid A component. European. J. Biochem. 7:370–379
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gray G. W., Wilkinson S. G. 1965; The effect of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid on the cell walls of some Gram-negative bacteria.. J. Gen. Microbiol. 39:385–399
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hellerqvist C. G., Lindberg, B., Svensson, S., Holm T., Lindberg A. A. 1968; Structural studies on the O-specific side-chains of the cell wall lipopolysaccharide from Salmonella typhimurium 395MS.. Carbohydrate Res. 8:43–55
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Johnston J. M., Johnston R. J., Simmons D. A. R. 1967; The immunochemistry of Shigella flexneri O-antigens. The biochemical basis of smooth to rough mutation.. Biochem. J. 105:79–87
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kanfer J., Kennedy E. P. 1963; Metabolism and function of bacterial lipids. I. Metabolism of phospholipids in Escherichia coli B . J. Biol. Chem. 239:2919–2922
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kates M. 1964; Bacterial lipids.. Advances in Lipid Res. 2:17–90
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kates M., Yengoyan L. S., Sastry P. S. 1965; A diether analog of phosphatidyl glycerophosphate in Halobacterium cutirubrum. . Biochem. Biophys. Acta 98:252–268
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kauffmann F. 1966; The Bacteriology of Enterobacteriaceae.. Munksgaard, Copenhagen.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kauffmann F. 1940; Zur Serologie des I-Antigens in der Salmonella-Gruppe.. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. 17:134–144
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lüderitz O., Galanos C., Risse H. J., Ruschmann E., Schlecht S., Schmidt G., Schulte-Holthausen H., Wheat R., Westphal O., Schlosshardt J. 1966; Structural relationships of Salmonella O and R antigens.. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 133:349–374
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lüderitz O., Jann K., Wheat R. 1968 Somatic and capsular antigens of Gram-negative bacteria. In: Comprehensive Biochemistry, M. Florkin and E. Stotz (Eds.), Vol. 26A:105–228. Elsevier; Amsterdam.:
  23. Lüderitz O., Kauffmann, F., Stierlin H., Westphal O. 1960; Zur Immunchemie der O-Antigene von Enterobacteriaceae. II. Vergleich der Zuckerbausteine von Salmonella S-, T-, und R-Formen.. Zentr. Bakteriol. Parasitenk. Abt. I. Grig. 179:180–186
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Mäkelä P. H. 1966; Genetic determination of the O antigens of Salmonella groups B (4, 5, 12) and C1(6, 7).. J. Bact. 91:1115–1125
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Mäkelä P. H., Stocker B. A. D. 1969; Genetics of polysaccharide biosynthesis.. Ann. Rev. Genetics
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Marr A. G., Ingraham J. L. 1962; Effect of temperature on the composition of fatty acids in Escherichia coli.. J. Bact. 84:1260–1267
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Matsuhashi S., Strominger J. L. 1965; Reversible 2 - epimerization of CDP-paratose and CDP-tyvelose.. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 20:169–175
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Naide Y., Nikaido, H., Mäkelä, P. H., Wilkinson R. G., Stocker B. A. D. 1965; Semirough strains of Salmonella.. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S.: 53:147–153
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Nakano M., Saito K. 1969; Chemical components in the cell wall of Salmonella typhimurium affecting its virulence and immunogenicity in mice.. Nature 222:1085–1086
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Nelson B. W., Roantree R. J. 1967; Analysis of lipopolysaccharides extracted from penicillin-resistant, serum-sensitive Salmonella mutants.. J. Gen. Microbiol. 48:179–188
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Nikaido H. 1968; Biosynthesis of cell wall Lipopolysaccharide in Gram-negative enteric bacteria.. Advances in Enzymol. 31:77–l24.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Nikaido H. 1969; Structure of cell wall Lipopolysaccharide from Salmonella typhimurium. I. Linkage between O side chains and R core.. J. Biol. Chem. 244:2835–2845
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Nikaido H., Nikaido K., Mäkelä P. H. 1966; Genetic determination of enzymes synthesizing O-specific sugars of Salmonella Lipopolysaccharides.. J. Bacteriol. 91:1126–1135
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Ørskov F., Ørskov I. 1962; Behavior of Escherichia coli antigens in sexual recombination.. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. 55:99–109
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Osborn M. J. 1963; Studies on the Gram-negative cell wall. I. Evidence for the role of 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate in the lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella typhimurium.. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. 50:499–506.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Osborn M. J., Rosen, S. M., Rothfield, L., Zeleznick L. D., Horecker B. L. 1964; Lipopolysaccharide of the Gram-negative cell wall.. Science. 145:783–789
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Roantree R. J. 1967; Salmonella O antigens and virulence.. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 21:443–466
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Robbins P. W., Uchida T. 1962; Studies on the chemical basis of the phage conversion of O-antigens in the E group Salmonella.. Biochemistry. 1:323–335.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sarvas M. 1967; Inheritance of Salmonella T1 antigen.. Ann. Med. Exptl. Biol. Fenniae (Helsinki) 45:447–471
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Schmidt G., Jann B., Jann K. 1969; Immunochemistry of R lipopolysaccharides of Escherichia coli. I. Different core regions in the lipopolysaccharides of O group 8. European . J. Biochem. 10:501–510.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Simmons D. A. R., Lüderitz O., Westphal O. 1965; The immunochemistry of Salmonella chemotype VI O antigens.. Biochem. J. 92:807–826
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Springer G. F., Wang, E. T., Nichols J. H., Shear J. M. 1966; Relations between bacterial lipopolysaccharide structures and those of human cells.. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 133:566–579
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Stocker B. A. D., Staub, A. M., Tinelliand B., Kopacka R. 1960; Etude immunochimique sur les Salmonella. VI. Etude de L’antigene 1 present sur deux Salmonella des groupes B et E.. Ann. Inst. Pasteur. 98:505–523
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Subbaiah T. V., Stocker B. A. D. 1964; Rough mutants of Salmonella typhimurium. . I. Genetics. Nature. 201:1298–1299
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Sutherland I. W., Lüderitz O., Westphal O. 1965; Studies on structure of polysaccharides of Salmonella minnesota and Salmonella typhimurium R strains.. Biochem. J. 96:439–448
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Sutherland I. W., Lüderitz O., Westphal O. 1965; Studies on the structure of polysaccharides of Salmonella minnesota and Salmonella typhimurin R strains.. Biochem. J. 96:439–448
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Uchida T., Robbins P. W., Luria S. E. 1963; Analysis of the serologic determinant groups of the Salmonella E group O antigens.. Biochemistry. 2:663–668
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Volk W. A. 1966; Cell wall Lipopolysaccharides from Xanthomonas species. . J. Bacteriol. 91:39–42
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Watkins W. M. 1966; Blood group substances.. Science 152:172–181
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Weise G. 1968 Dissertation, University of Freiburg.
  51. Westphal O., Jann K. 1965 Bacterial lipopolysaccharides. Extraction with phenol-water and further application of the procedure. In Methods in Carbohydrate Chemistry, R. L. Whistler et al. (Eds.) vol. 5:83–91 Academic Press: New York.:
  52. Westphal O., Kauffmann, F., Lüderitz O., Stierlin H. 1960; Zur Immunchemie der O-Antigene von Enterobacteriaceae. III. Analyse der Zukerbaustein Kreuzreagierender Salmonella-, und Escherichia - O-Antigene.. Zentr. Bakteriol. Parasitenk. Abt. 1. Orig. 179:336–342
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Westphal O., Lüderitz O. 1960; 3, 6-dideoxyhexosen. Chemie und Biologie.. Angew. Chem. 72:881–891
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Westphal O., Lüderitz O., Bister F. 1952; Über die Extraktion von Bakterien mit Phenol/Wasser.. Z Naturforsch. 7b:148–155.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Wilkinson R. G., Fuller, N. A., Lazen A. C., Heath E. C. 1968; Structure and composition of the “core portion of the cell wall lipopolysaccharide of Escharichia coli.. Bacteriol. Proc.63.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-20-4-383
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-20-4-383
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error