The continuous use of insecticides for mosquito-borne disease control can cause insecticide resistance, and if left unchecked, this could lead to a substantial increase in disease incidence. The aims of this study are to monitor insecticide insecticides against Malathion and Cypermethrin and identifying the mechanisms underlying the resistance in the area of study.

This is a descriptive study located in Banyumas Regency. sp. mosquitoes werecollected from three endemic areas (Arcawinangun, Karangpucung, and Purwanegara) by the ovitrap installation to 100 houses each village (total 300 houses). Filial 1 of Aedes were tested their insecticide resistance to Malathion and Cypermethrin by susceptibility test, biochemical assay and molecular by PCR.

The results of the susceptibility test showed the average percentage of mosquito mortality from three villages was 30,67% which were included in the resistance category. However, the results of the biochemical assay showed that 70% of mosquitoes are still very susceptible (AV<0,7). Molecular tests are underway and the results are likely to be obtained in August 2019

The population of sp. in the study area has been resistant to malathion and cypermethrin, and the mechanism underlying this resistance was not based on a biochemical mechanism. It is necessary to rotate the use of insecticide active substances in DHF vector control by selecting insecticides that have a different mode of action.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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