The study was conducted with an aim to understand the changes in soil enzyme activity in the plant rhizosphere during host mediated selection of rhizosphere microbiome. Soil samples were collected from three different locations on a farm in the Reading area, UK. Two popular genotypes of Soybean (Glycine max) were chosen for the study, Kenchen and Siverka. Initial microbiome inoculum was prepared by mixing field soil with sterilized water and this was added to the autoclaved coir: sand mix. After four weeks of plant growth, plants were uprooted from the soil, rhizosphere soil collected for soil enzyme estimation and NGS analysis. Root exudates were collected and stored in freezer for analysis.

Growth of plants in legume soils was significantly higher. The plants in legume soil produced nodules which confirmed the presence of rhizobia in these soils. Independent analysis within each soil type showed that, the interaction between soil type and genotype is very significant with respect to enzyme activity. The presence of microbiome along with plants had a significant effect on enzymatic activity. GCMS analysis of root exudates from plants in each soil showed variations in individual chromatograms. The difference in enzyme activity with plant growth shows that there are changes taking place in the soil. Further in this study, NGS analysis of rhizosphere soil will shed more light into the changes happening in the soil microbiome and if the changes are related to the enzymatic changes and plant root exudation.

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