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Abstract

The incidence of malaria parasite in Human Immuno-deficiency Virus clients attending Awo-omamma General Hospital, Owerri Imo state Nigeria was studied. A total of 200 blood samples were collected; 150 samples were collected from sero-positive HIV clients while 50 samples were collected from sero-negative HIV clients which served as control samples. Out of this 200 clients 85(42.5%) were males while 65(32.5%) were females. The blood samples were analyzed using Malaria Rapid Test Kit for the presence of Plasmodium falciparum, using standard medical laboratory procedure. The result revealed an overall prevalence of 43 (28.7%) for HIV positive participants that tested positive to malaria parasite, 15 (17.6%) were male while 28 (43.1%) were female. Analysis based on age revealed that the highest prevalence was among those within the age group 30-39 years having 20 (10%) while those with the least prevalence were observed among those within the age group 20-29 years having 32 (16%). Analysis of malaria parasite based on CD4+ cell count among HIV clients revealed that 51(34%) had CD4+ cell count above 200cell/μl while 23 (15.3%) had CD4+cell count below 200cell\μl. This study has shown that there is a low prevalence of malaria parasite () among HIV/AIDs clients with high CD4+ attending HIV clinic in Awo-omamma General Hospital, Imo state. It is recommended that more efforts be made to eradicate malaria completely as this will go a long way in reducing the rate of mortality among HIV clients.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
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/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2020.po0715
2020-07-10
2021-10-25
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2020.po0715
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