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Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest challenges for humanity. Patients, especially, admitted to the intensive care unit have been exposed to higher risk of healthcare associated infections mostly caused by antibiotic resistance since the imprudent use of antibiotics over the years. The discovery and development of new antibiotics are facing difficulties with the continuous evolution of drug resistance in bacteria, and the reduced investment in R&D for antibiotics from pharmaceutical companies. Novel strategies are urgently needed to control this pandemic threat of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic combination with two or more drugs may be useful in targeting resistant gram-negative bacteria by producing synergistic effect and enhanced bactericidal activates. In this study, we determined the combination of rifampicin and colistin against Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL), carbapenemase producing and colistin resistant Enterobacteriaceae using chequerboard method and time kill curves. We measured the combination effects based on Fractional Inhibitory Concentration index (FICI) and the efficacy of bacterial reduction comparing to that of single antibiotic. Interestingly, we found that the combination of rifampicin and colistin showed synergistic activities against the tested bacteria, indicating FIC index ≤0.5. The time kill curve shows that the two drugs combination exhibits 99% kill whilst the single antibiotic had no activities. Thus, the combination of rifampicin and colistin demonstrated synergistic activity with reduced MIC and the increased rate of killing against both ESBL and carbapenemsase producing and colistin resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

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/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2020.po0335
2020-07-10
2020-10-20
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2020.po0335
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