1887

Abstract

Foot mycoses are a frequent disease that represents a public health problem worldwide. This study aims to evaluate the epidemiology of foot mycoses among footballers in Owerri, Imo State, in order to determine the fungal etiological agents and to identify possible risk factors. To investigate the treatment and preventive measures for the susceptible groups. A total of 485 samples were collected; tinea unguium were confirmed in 88.2% of cases. A prospective study of fifty footballers was undertaken during one year (2018-2019). A complete mycological diagnosis was carried out on all footballers. The results obtained showed that out of the 50 toe nails samples of footballers examined, 28(56.0%) had positive cases of the infection on direct microscopy which served as the screening test. The causative pathogens of Onychomycosis isolated from fungal culture are dermatophytes , and the most frequent pathogen was 15(30.0%), yeast 9(18.0%). Non-dermatophyte molds were observed in 8(16.0%) cases and sp. was the frequent genus 14(28.0%)and sp. 4(8.0%). The main predisposing factors of fungal foot infections were practicing ritual washing (56.6%) and frequentation of communal showers (50.5%). Confirmatory test such as germ-tube test was done on the isolate for proper identification. The age group 31- 35 years had the highest prevalence of onychomycosis 12(92.31%) and age group 16-20 years presented the lowest prevalence of onychomycosis 4(28.57%). Proper care of toe nails and boots is necessary to prevent the increasing rate of this infection.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2020.po0270
2020-07-10
2020-09-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2020.po0270
Loading

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error