1887

Abstract

The Campylobacter lipooligosaccharides (LOS) can stimulate membrane-bound innate immune receptors in human macrophages. However, the association of Campylobacter LOS in the stimulation of cytosolic receptors or the inflammasome remains poorly characterised. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the role of Campylobacter LOS in the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent signalling in a human monocytic cell line. The induction of NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated IL-1β and Caspase-1 secretion in THP-1 supernatants was quantified using ELISA following co-culture of THP-1 cells with LOS extracts from wild type C. jejuni 11168, mutant C. jejuni 11 168 with reduced LOS and two wild type C. coli strains (RM1875 and 76339). Our results demonstrate that LOS purified from both C. jejuni and C. coli can induce Caspase-1 and IL-1β production in human macrophages. However, C. jejuni 11 168 mutant LOS with modified lipid A and lack of core oligosaccharides stimulated significantly reduced Caspase-1 and IL-1β. This result was also replicated in co-culture of live wild type and mutant C. jejuni with THP-1 cells. This study provides new insight into the interaction of Campylobacter with human macrophages and suggests that variation in LOS structure may alter NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2019.po0564
2019-04-08
2019-10-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.ac2019.po0564
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error