Streptococcus mutans is the major cariogenic organism associated with Dental Caries, a widespread chronic disease of the oral cavity (Muras et al. 2018). It is associated with oral biofilm formation, production of organic acids, and has the capacity to out-compete non-cariogenic commensal species (Lemos et al. 2013). Recent studies carried out on fatty acids demonstrated effective antimicrobial activity against S. mutans (Hughes, 2014). This study will evaluate the activity of lipids on S. mutans biofilm formation and proposes that dietary constituents may be used as a natural therapy to maintain oral hygiene. Clinical isolate S. mutans 3014 D5929 was exposed to various concentrations of lipid for 24 h. Crystal violet assay was performed for quantification of biofilm biomass. Fluorescent microscopy using SYTO 9 and Alexa Fluor 647-labelled dextran conjugate was performed to visualise biofilm formation pre- and post-exposure to MCO. Biofilm biomass was reduced for all lipid concentrations. Fluorescent microscopy indicated a significant reduction in bacterial cell number and a lack of structural biofilm upon exposure to fatty acid mixtures when compared to control. The research demonstrated that lipid does have S. mutans based antimicrobial and antibiofilm capabilities.

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