Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of childhood respiratory disease; however, currently there is no licenced vaccine available and the only therapeutic, a monoclonal antibody against the viral Fusion (F) protein, is expensive and applied sparingly. RSV particles enter cells by membrane fusion, orchestrated by F – a type I integral membrane protein. This process was recently shown to involve macropinocytosis of the particle. Separately, RSV can spread through induction of direct cell-cell fusion – again orchestrated by F. Little is currently known about the host-factors involved in regulating or inhibiting RSV F-mediated fusion. Here, using two different high-throughput screening approaches, we have identified host-factors involved in regulating RSV fusion. Using quantitative mass-spectrometry analysis of isolated cell membrane fractions from mock and RSV-infected cells we have identified membrane proteins which are differentially regulated during RSV infection. Furthermore, using lentiviral libraries expressing individual interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) from different mammalian species we have investigated ISG-mediated inhibition of RSV fusion. Our data provides important insights into host-factors involved in RSV spread, furthering our understanding of the fusion process and identifying potential targets for antiviral therapy.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error