The survival of enteric pathogens in the multi-nutrient environment involves interaction with other organisms. The fact that competition for nutrient resources has shaped the networking of metabolic pathways is well known. The cAMP receptor protein i.e. CRP is a keystone regulatory protein, connecting various metabolic pathways. Our aim was to study the importance of CRP in nutrient uptake and utilization in Salmonella Typhimurium under intra-species and inter-species nutritive competition. The crp gene knockout (Δcrp) was co-cultured with the wild-type or other pathogens. The Δcrp failed to compete with the wild-type Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae and Staphylococcus aureus in nutrient intensive media. However, the survival of the co-cultured Δcrp was unaffected in nutrient-poor media. These results suggest that CRP is necessary for the effective acquisition of readily available nutrients as found in rich media in co-culture. The role of released antimicrobials or surface proteins of the co-cultured strains was also overruled by culturing the mutant in the supernatant of these organisms and separating the cultures in the same media respectively. The co-cultured Δcrp showed an enhanced survival when overall metabolism was reduced with low temperature and antibiotics like chloramphenicol. A circumstantial evidence that CRP manages the global and limits the futile metabolism is provided by this study. The absence of CRP doesn’t affect the survival of the standalone culture. However, the role of this protein becomes obvious in a bacterial community setup. Therefore, CRP is crucial for Salmonella to survive in an intestinal and external environment.

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