Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for a variety of infections in humans and animals that particularly causes staphylococcal food poisoning when it present in foods. This study was aimed to isolate Staphylococcus aureus present on the shell surfaces and in the contents of chicken eggs, and determine antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. A total of 335 egg samples were obtained from open market (n=174) and poultry farm (n=161). A sterile cotton swab was used to sample the surface of eggs. After sterilizing the shells, the egg contents were sampled. Isolation of Staphylococcus aureus was done based on ISO. The isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using disc diffusion method. Out of the total 335 eggs sample examined, 93 (27.8 %) samples yielded S. aureus. Out of these, 28 (17.4 %) were from poultry farm while 65 (37.4 %) were obtained from open market. Similarly, 63 (18.8 %) were from the shell while 30 (8.9 %) were from the content. The level of S. aureus in egg contents was significantly higher in the open market (CI=0.0962–0.6085; P=0.003). All 76 S. aureus isolates were resistant to at least one of the antimicrobials tested with overall 3.9–92.0 % level of resistance pattern showing higher resistant to penicillin (92 %), and ampicillin (89.5 %). Multiple drug resistance was detected in 86.8 % of the total S. aureus isolates. The study showed high level of S. aureus with considerable antimicrobial resistant pattern. Further study is needed to better define bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents with emphasis of multiple drug resistant.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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