This study aimed to identify the bioactive compound (s) possessing both the antimicrobial and antioxidant activity. The antibacterial activity of hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol polar fraction and aqueous extract of stem of Sphaeranthus indicus was evaluated against MTCC bacterial strains Bacillus cereus-430, B. subtilis-441, Staphylococcus aureus-96, S. epidermidis-435, Escherichia coli-1687, Klebsiella pneumoniae-3384, Pseudomonas aeruginosa-741 and Proteus vulgaris-744 with their corresponding clinical isolates. The results revealed inhibitory activity of hexane extract against most of the bacterial pathogens except MTCC K. pneumonia and clinical B. cereus. The ethyl acetate extract inhibited growth of MTCC B. cereus, B. subtilis, S. epidermidis, P. aeruginosa and clinical isolates of B. cereus, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, E. coli, K. pneumonia. The methanol polar fraction exhibited activity against clinically isolated S. aureus, S. epidermidis, P. aureginosa, P. vulgaris while aqueous extracts had no activity against any of the organisms. Among all the extracts showing antioxidant activity, aqueous extract was found to possess highest activity when tested by reducing power, DMPD and DPPH assay. Phytochemical analysis revealed that methanol polar fraction had highest quantity of terpenoids while aqueous extract was rich in phenols and flavonoids. The active compound from hexane extract was isolated by TLC and the active band was detected via bioautography. DPPH was used for detecting antioxidant (s) in TLC plate. A total of 13 bands were obtained after separation in which two bands showed both the antibacterial as well as antioxidant activities. Hence it is speculated that bioactive compound showing antibacterial activity may also possesses antioxidant activity.


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