A preliminary investigations of novel dehalogenase producing bacteria from Antarctic Psychrotropic Bacillus sp.Ih1 2, 2 dichloropropionic acids (Dalapon) like most halogenated compounds are commonly used as herbicides and employed in agricultural areas and industries. Toxicity of these xenobiotic compounds causes serious environmental problems. Bacillus sp. ih1 was isolated from top cliff soil collected from Antarctica. The bacteria was first grown on Antarctic bacterial medium and later transferred to a minimal medium containing 2,2, dichloropropionic acid as carbon source. It grew slowly in the minimal media in different concentrations of 10 mM, 20 mM, 30 mM and 40 mM of 2,2 DCP. The best growth was observed in 20 mM of 2,2-DCP with 32 h as doubling time. To monitor the degradative activity of the bacteria, halide ion assay was carried out to check the release of chloride ion. The best release of chloride was 0.657 mMol/L in 20 mM of 2,2-DCP. The bacteria was identified using 16S rRNA, genomic DNA extraction and PCR amplification of 16S rRNA was performed using universal primers 27F and1492R. Nucleotide blast (BLASTn) showed 97 % similarity with Bacillus sp. Results from biochemical tests further confirm the bacteria as Bacillus sp. Using phylogeny.fr, sequences from nucleotide blast result were used to build a phylogeny tree based on neighbor to neighbor joining.

Keyword(s): 2,2 DCP , degradation and dehalogenase
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