Schistosomiasis, globally, is significant public as well as veterinary health problem as it is associated with a wide range of clinical conditions in humans and animals. Schistosomiasis is mostly caused by the following species of genus : , and might be considered as the most pathogenic among these species as the clinical disease caused by this parasite ranges from mild diarrhea, nausea, Katayama fever, portal hypertension, splenomegaly and ascites to liver cirrhosis and fibrosis. has been commonly encountered in China, the Philippines and Indonesia. According to WHO, at least 220.8 million people required preventive treatment for schistosomiasis in 2017 but only 102.3 million people were reported to have been treated. To our knowledge, there are no cases reported from Nepal. Hence, this is the first reported case of in Nepal.

A case of acute schistosomiasis due to was identified in CIWEC Hospital and Travel Medicine Center, Kathmandu, Nepal. The patient arrived with gastrointestinal symptoms without any pre-existing chronic illness with no evidence of travel outside of Spain since last August, but had travelled to many other countries 2 years ago. Timely diagnosis by stool routine and microscopic examination and formal-ether concentration technique led to successful treatment of the disease.

As the parasite has not been reported to date in Nepal, many people are unaware of its mode of infection and pathogenesis. Many laboratory workers are heedless with the egg of the parasite due to which this parasite might be misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. This case report might help laboratory workers to be sentient about the parasite and further diagnosis in future.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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