1887

Abstract

HIV-1 infects an estimated 37 million people worldwide, while the rarer HIV-2 infects 1–2 million worldwide. HIV-2 is mainly restricted to West African countries. The majority of patients in Scotland are diagnosed with HIV-1, but in 2013 the West of Scotland Specialist Virology Centre (WoSSVC) diagnosed Scotland’s first HIV-2 positive case in a patient from Côte d’Ivoire. HIV-2 differs from HIV-1 in terms of structural viral proteins, viral transmissibility, prolonged period of latency, intrinsic resistance to certain antivirals and how to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. Over the course of 5 years the patient has required several changes in treatment due to both side effects and pill burden. This case highlights the complexity of HIV-2 patient management over time.

Keyword(s): antiretrovirals , diagnosis , HIV2 and treatment
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2019-12-10
2021-01-21
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