1887

Abstract

Acanthamoeba species are ubiquitous free-living organisms found in the environment. They can cause a sight-threatening disease of the cornea termed keratitis (AK), often associated with contact-lens wearers. This case review describes a persistent presentation of AK and raises awareness of the challenges faced when diagnosing and managing the disease. It highlights the importance of an accurate and rapid diagnosis to assist patient management and to maximize the potential for a better outcome.

A 73-year-old female was admitted to hospital due to vision impairment of her left eye. Following a clinical examination, the diagnosis of herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) was reported and treated with antivirals. However, deterioration of her keratitis continued after initial treatment, which prompted an investigation into the possibility of AK. Molecular testing of sequential corneal tissue was performed using a real-time PCR assay alongside further clinical examinations. species DNA was isolated from seven out of eight corneal tissues over a 12 month period. Following prolonged drug treatment and two corneal transplants, the individual’s symptoms ceased and further molecular testing of corneal tissue was negative.

keratitis can be easily misdiagnosed due to the similarities in the clinical presentation to other, much more common ocular pathogens. This case highlights the importance of considering AK in the first-line diagnosis, and raises awareness that an early, accurate and rapid diagnosis is crucial to improve patient outcome.

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2019-11-28
2019-12-11
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